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Home » Raw Herbs » Bark

Terminalia arjuna  (ROXB.) WIGHT & ARN.

   

Botanical Name

:

Terminalia arjuna (ROXB.) WIGHT & ARN.

English Name

:

White Murdah and Arjuna

Synonym(s)

:

Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. Ex. DC., Terminalia berryi Wight & Arn.

Family

:

Combretaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a large, evergreen tree, with a spreading crown and drooping branches. The stems are buttressed and often fluted; the bark is very thick, grey or pinkish green, smooth, exfoliating in large, thin, irregular sheets; the leaves are sub-opposite, oblong or elliptic, coriaceous, cordate; the flowers, in panicled spikes; the fruits are nearly glabrous, ovoid or ovoid-oblong, with 5 to 7 hard, winged angles.

Herb Effects

Alterative, astringent, cardiac stimulant, hemostatic, lithontriptic, rejuvinative, tonic.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Arjunic and ellagic acids; arjungenin (bark); arjunone, cerasidin, friedelin and beta-sitosterol (fruit); arjunolone and baicalein (stem bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Arjunic acid 31298-06-3 10,11-dihydroxy-12a-
(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,
6a,6b,9,9-hexamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6 ,6a,7,8,
8a,10,11,12,13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Friedelin 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Baicalein 491-67-8 4,5,6-trihydroxy-2-p
henyl-chromen-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a tonic (fruit); treating people with high levels of blood triglycerides and cholesterol, to treat heart diseases, consumption, spermaturia, skin diseases, fracture, intrinsic haemorrhage, wounds, piles, diarrhoea and as a liver tonic (bark).

Contraindication

Do not take during pregnancy.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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