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Home » Plant infomation

Terminalia alata  HEYNE EX ROTH.

   

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Botanical Name

:

Terminalia alata HEYNE EX ROTH.

English Name

:

Laurel

Synonym(s)

:

Terminalia coriacea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Terminalia macrocarpa Steud., Terminalia tomentosa

Family

:

Combretaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large, deciduous, straight-stemmed tree with spreading branches and a heavy crown; bark grey to black, with deep longitudinal fissures and transverse cracks; young twigs often clothed with yellowish-brown pubescence. Leaves subopposite, thinly coriaceous, pubescent beneath, elliptic-lanceolate or ovat, 13 to 23 cm long and about 8 cm wide, acute at apex. Flowers dull yellow or greenish-white, borne in terminal and axillary branched spikes; bracteoles linear; calyx villous with yellowish hairs. Fruits 3.8 to 6.5 cm long, with 5 broad, coriaceous, equal, horizontally-veined wings.

Herb Effects

The bark is bitter, styptic, diuretic and cardiotonic.

Links

AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Oligosaccharides, disaccharides and monosaccharides (after gum hydrolysis); beta-sitosterol (fruit and leaf); betulinic acid (bark, heart wood).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For ulcers, bronchitis, atonic diarrhea, to treat bone fractures and haemorrhages (bark); for atonic diarrhoea and is used as a local application for relief of weak, indolent ulcers (bark decoction).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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