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Home » Plant infomation

Taxus baccata  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Taxus baccata L.

English Name

:

Yew

Family

:

Taxaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a small evergreen or medium sized tree with fluted stem and reddish grey bark. Leaves are 2.5 to 3.5 cm long, linear, flattened, distchious, acute and narrowed into a short petiole. Male cones are subglobose and solitary in leaf axis and females are also solitary, axillary with a single erect ovule. The fruits are red coloured with woody testa. The fruit is a fleshy berry about 10mm in diameter and containing a single seed.

Herb Effects

All parts of the plant, except the fleshy fruit, are antispasmodic, cardiotonic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, narcotic and purgative; cardiotonic and abortifacient (leaf); anticancer (bark); “hypothesmic activity” (aerial part); antispasmodic and sedative (fruit and leaf); narcotic and toxic (leaf. young aerial part and shoot)

Links

Plants for a Future
Taxus baccata
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthin (fruit); beta-sitosterol, ephedrine, formic acid, gallic acid, ginkgetin, millosine, HCN, tannic acid, taxine A and B4, taxol (leaf); taxol, ecdysterone, campesterol and beta-sitosterol (bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Taxine A 1361-49-5 Not Available C35H47NO10 Click Here To Enlarge
Ephedrine 6912-63-6 2-methylamino-1-phen
yl-propan-1-ol
C10H15NO Click Here To Enlarge
Taxol 33069-62-4 Not Available C47H51NO14 Click Here To Enlarge
Ecdysterone Not Available 2,3,14-trihydroxy-10
,13-dimethyl-17-(1,2
,5-trihydroxy-1,5-di
methyl-hex yl)-1,2,
3,4,5,9,10,11,12,13,
14,15,16,17-tetradec
ahydrocyclopenta[a]p
he nanthren-6-one
C27H44O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Lycopene Not Available 2,6,10,14,19,23,27,3
1-octamethyldotriaco
nta-2,6,8,10,12,14,1
6,18,20,22 ,24,26,3
0-tridecaene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Zeaxanthin Not Available 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-3
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ephedrine 6912-63-6 2-methylamino-1-phen
yl-propan-1-ol
C10H15NO Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ginkgetin 481-46-9 5,7-dihydroxy-8-[5-(
5-hydroxy-7-methoxy-
4-oxo-chromen-2-yl)-
2-methoxy- phenyl]-
2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)c
hromen-4-one
C32H22O10 Click Here To Enlarge
HCN Not available Hydrogen cyanide CHN Click Here To Enlarge
Tannic acid 1401-55-4 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Taxine A 1361-49-5 Not Available C35H47NO10 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The leaves have been used internally in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, hiccup, indigestion, rheumatism and epilepsy. Externally, the leaves have been used in a steam bath as a treatment for rheumatism. A homeopathic remedy is made from the young shoots and the berries. It is used in the treatment of cystitis, eruptions, headaches, heart and kidney problems, rheumatism etc.

Contraindication

All parts of the plant, except the flesh of the fruit, are highly poisonous, having a paralyzing affect on the heart.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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