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Home » Raw Herbs » Kernal

Syzygium cumini  (L.) SKEELS

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Syzygium cumini (L.) SKEELS

English Name

:

Black or Java Plum

Synonym(s)

:

Eugenia jambolana Lam. (Myrtaceae), Myrtus cumini Linn. Calyptranthus cumini Moon, Eugenia cumini Druce, Jambolifera pendunculata Geartn., Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC.

Family

:

Myrtaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a large, evergreen tree. The bark is brown or greyish, smooth; the leaves, lanceolate, elliptic-oblong, coriaceous, gland-dotted, smooth and shiny; the flowers are greenish white, fragrant. The fruits are ellipsoid or oblong, black with pinkish juicy pulp; with single seeds.

Herb Effects

Astringent (bark); antiviral (kernel); stimulates the cardiovascular system (aerial part); antibacterial (leaf); hypoglycemic (powdered kernel and fruit); decreases free radical formation.

Links

Syzygium cumini
PIER
Herbal Monograph

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Oleanolic and crategolic acids (flower); beta-sitosterol (seed); limonene, alpha and beta-pinene and borylacetate (fruit leaf and stem); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, malic, citric and gallic acids, choline, folacin, gallic acid, niacin, oxalic acid, riboflavin, tannin, thiamin (fruit); betulinic acid (bark)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Crategolic acid 4373-41-5 10,11-dihydroxy-2,2,
6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptam
ethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7
,8,8a,10,1 1,12,13,
14b-tetradecahydropi
cene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In diabetes (powdered kernel, fruit and bark); diarrhea (bark decoction and leaf); dysentery, indigestion, purify blood, venereal ulcers in syphilis (bark); asthma and bronchitis (fruit).

Contraindication

No records

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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