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Home » Plant infomation

Sesbania grandiflora  (L.) POIRET.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Sesbania grandiflora (L.) POIRET.

English Name

:

Agati Sesban

Synonym(s)

:

Aeschynomene coccinea L. f. Aeschynomene grandiflora (L.) L. Agati coccinea (L. f.) Desv. Agati grandiflora (L.) Desv. Agati grandiflora (L.) Desv. var. coccinea (L. f.) Wight & Arn. Coronilla coccinea (L. f.) Willd. Coronilla grandiflora (L.) Willd. Dolichos arboreus Forsskal. Emerus grandiflorus (L.) Kuntze, Resupinaria grandiflora (L.) Raf. Robinia grandiflora L. Sesban coccinea (L. f.) Poiret. Sesban grandiflorus (L.) Poiret., Sesbania coccinea (L. f.) Pers.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small erect quick-growing short-lived soft-wooded tree to 10 m tall, sparsely branched. Bole straight and cylindrical, the wood white and soft. Bark light gray, corky, deeply furrowed. Leaves pinnate, 15 to 30 cm long, with 16 to 30 pairs of linear oblong leaflets. Racemes 2.5 cm long. Flowers 2 to 4, white to pink, pendulous the corolla 7 to 9 cm long. Pods 50 to 60 cm long.

Herb Effects

Aleviates spasms, depresses the central nervous system, diuretic and hypothermic (aerial part); hemolytic (flower); alexeteric, laxative, and intellectually stimulating (fruits); alexeteric, anthelmintic (leaves)

Links

PIER
Tropical Forages
Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers.
AgroForestry Tree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Leucocyanidin and cyanidin (seed); oleanolic acid and its methyl ester and kaemferol-3-rutinoside (flower).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Leucocyanidin 480-17-1 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,4,5,7-t
etrol
C15H14O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol-3-rutinoside 17353-03-6 7-[4,5-dihydroxy-6-(
hydroxymethyl)-3-(3,
4,5-trihydroxy-6-met
hyl-oxan-2 -yl)oxy-
oxan-2-yl]oxy-3,4-di
hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-chromen-5-on
e
C27H30O15 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For bruises, catarrh, dysentery, sore eyes, fevers, headaches, smallpox, sores, sorethroat, and stomatitis (plant); used in treating smallpox and other eruptive fevers (bark); to treat headache, head congestion, or stuffy nose (flower juice); poulticed onto bruises, for epilepsy, gout, itch, leprosy, nyctalopia, and ophthalmia (leaves); on rheumatic swellings, for inflammation (root powder);for anemia, bronchitis, fever, pain, thirst, and tumors (fruits); for biliousness, bronchitis, gout, nyctalopia, ozoena, and quartan fever (flowers).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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