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Home » Raw Herbs » Wood

Pterocarpus santalinus  

   

Botanical Name

:

Pterocarpus santalinus

English Name

:

Red Sandal, Red Sanders, Ruby Wood

Synonym(s)

:

Pterocarpi Lignum, Santalum rubrum. Lignum rubrum

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

Tree standing as high as 25 ft (it is different from Pterocarpus marsupium because it has wider leaflets. which are always trifoliate). Bark is blackish-brown, deeply cleft into rectangular plates, and exudes a deep red juice when cut; leaves are usually imparipinnate; leaflets are 3 but rarely 5; flowers are yellow and are arranged in simple or sparingly branched racemes; pods are 5 cm in diameter including the wing, the central hard and long portion containing the seed; seeds are reddish brown, smooth and leathery.

Herb Effects

Coagulates semen (stem bark); alleviates spasms (stem); astringent, tonic, diuretic and diaphoretic

Links

Liber Herbarum II
Red Sandalwood
Botanical.com
Tattvas's Herbs
iHerb.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, liquiritigenin, stigmasterol (plant); pterocarpolone, cryptomeridiol, pterocarpol and eudesmol (heartwood); betulin, lupenone, lupeol, epilupeol (bark); beta-eusdesmol, gallic acid, pterostilbene (wood)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Eudesmol Not Available 2-(4a,8-dimethyldeca
lin-2-yl)propan-2-ol
C15H28O Click Here To Enlarge
Lupenone 1617-70-5 Not Available C30H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Epilupeol 4439-99-0 Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Liquiritigenin 578-86-9 7-hydroxy-2-(4-hydro
xyphenyl)-chroman-4-
one
C15H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Pterocarpol Not Available (4aS,6R)-6-(2-hydrox
ypropan-2-yl)-8a-met
hyl-4-methylidene-de
calin-2-ol
C15H26O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Eudesmol 473-15-4 2-(4a-methyl-8-methy
lidene-decalin-2-yl)
propan-2-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Pterostilbene 537-42-8 4-[2-(3,5-dimethoxyp
henyl)ethenyl]phenol
C16H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For skin diseases, boils and scorpion stings (heartwood); dysentery (fruit); as an astringent, for bleeding piles and to eyes in ophthalmia and to sour eyes (powder), used in cephalalgia, odontalgia, hemicrania, vomiting, diarrhea and dysentery.

Contraindication

Sandalwood oil should not be used by young children, pregnant or nursing women, or people with severe liver or kidney disease.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.


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