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Home » Raw Herbs » Wood

Pterocarpus marsupium  ROXB.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Pterocarpus marsupium ROXB.

English Name

:

Indian Kino Tree

Synonym(s)

:

Ligonum marsupium (Roxb.) Kuntze, Pterocarpus bilobus Roxb. ex G. Don, Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Forma biloba (G.Don) Prain.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A moderate-sized to large deciduous tree. The bark is grey, rough, longitudinally fissured and scaly. The older trees exude a blood red gum-resin. The leaves are imparipinnate: the leaflets are oblong; the flowers occur in large panicles, they are yellowish and fragrant; the pods are orbicular, flat, winged.

Herb Effects

On the nictating membrane and stimulates the cardiovascular system (stem bark); hypoglycemic (bark and heartwood); antidiarrheal and astringent (bark); lowers blood cholesterol; regenerates beta cells and increases insulin and proinsulin levels.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Cure Herbs

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-eudesmol, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, pterostilbene (root); catechol, gallic acid, isoliquiritigenin, liquiritigenin, marsupinol, protocatechuic acid (wood)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Liquiritigenin 578-86-9 7-hydroxy-2-(4-hydro
xyphenyl)-chroman-4-
one
C15H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoliquiritigenin 13745-20-5 1-(2,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3-(4-hydroxyphen
yl)-prop-2-en-1-one
C15H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Garbanzol 1226-22-8 3,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chroma
n-4-one
C15H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Eudesmol 473-15-4 2-(4a-methyl-8-methy
lidene-decalin-2-yl)
propan-2-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde 123-08-0 4-hydroxybenzaldehyd
e
C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pterostilbene 537-42-8 4-[2-(3,5-dimethoxyp
henyl)ethenyl]phenol
C16H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Catechol 37349-32-9 benzene-1,2-diol C6H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Protocatechuic acid 5417-95-8 N,N-diethyl-N'-(2,4,
8,9-tetrazabicyclo[4
.3.0]nona-2,4,7,10-t
etraen-5-y l)propan
e-1,3-diamine
C12H20N6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In diabetes (wood infusion); diarrhea, leucorrhea, heartburn and indolent ulcers (plant juice). The heartwood is useful in skin diseases, diabetes, anaemia, and obesity. It is an astringent. It is administered for diarrhoea, dysentery, pyrosis and as an injection for leucorrhoea. An aqueous infusion of the wood is used in diabetes.

Reference

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

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