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Home » Plant infomation

Pongamia pinnata  (L.) Pierre


Botanical Name


Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

English Name


Indian Beach



Galedupa indica Lam., Pongamia glabra Vent., Derris indica (LAM.) BENNET





General Info


A medium-sized, semi-evergreen up to 18 m tall with a short bole and spreading crown; bark greyish green or brown, smooth or covered with tubercles. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, 5 to 9 foliate, dark green, shining; leaflets opposite, ovate to elliptic, shortly acuminate, glabrous, to 15 cm long and 8 cm broad. Flowers small, lilac or white tinged with pink or violet, fragrant, borne in fascicles of 2 to 4 flowers in axillary racemes to 15 cm long; calyx campanulate, truncate; corolla much exserted, standard suborbicular with curved folds above the claw, wings obliquely oblong, Fruit (pod) compressed, woody, glabrous, indehiscent, yellowish-grey when mature, varying in size and shape, elliptic to obliquely oblong, to 7.5 cm long and 3.5 cm wide, with a curved beak, usually 1 seeded; seed elliptical or kidney-shaped, to 2 cm long and 1.8 cm wide, wrinkled, reddish-brown.

Herb Effects

Carminative (leaf), antifungal and antibacterial (essential leaf oil), kills roaches (seed oil), insects (seed and leaf) and nematodes (leaf).


Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre


Active Ingredients

Pongapin and pongamol (seed and its oil), glabrachromenes I and II (leaf), karanjin and kanjone (leaf, seed and its oil); betulinic acid (stem bark)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Pongapin 481-99-2 Not Available C19H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Pongamol 484-33-3 1-benzofuran-5-yl-3-
C17H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Karanjin 521-88-0 Not Available C18H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

As a tonic (seed) and in hemorrhoids (stem bark); chronic fevers, rheumatism, lumbago, herpes, scabies, leucoderma and other skin diseases, flatulence, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, cough, leprosy and gonorrhoea (plant); on the head to heal ulcers and cure dandruff (leaf paste); used for cleaning sores, as well as for cleaning teeth and strengthening gums (root juice).


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.



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