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Home » Raw Herbs » Flowers

Calendula officinalis  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Calendula officinalis Linn.

English Name

:

Marigold. Calendula. Common Calendula. English or Pot Marigold and Mary Bud

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

An aromatic, erect, annual herb, up to 60 cm in height. Stems angular, glandular, hairy; leaves 2.5-7.5 cm long, alternate, sessile, spatulate or oblancleolate, dentate with widely spaced teeth, and hairy; lower spathulate, entire, upper lanceolate, with cordate-amplexicaul base; flower-heads terminal, heterogamous, light yellow to deep orange; ray florets fertile; achenes 1.0-1.5 cm long, boat-shaped, faintly ribbed.

Herb Effects

Organic extract causes a reduction of reverse transcriptase activity accounting for its anti-HIV action (Kalvatchev), antiprotozoal and antispamodic (plant); antibacterial (essential oil and flower); reduces fever, diaphoretic, antiemetic and carminative; stimulant, bitter, tonic, sudorific, febrifuge, carminative, anti-emetic and anthelmintic (florets).

Links

Herb Information
Plants for a Future
Floridata
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Calenduline, oleanolic acid glycosides, alpha and beta-amyrin, gamma-taraxasterol, taraxasterol, brein, faradiol, lupeol, erythrodiol, arnidiol, calenduladiol, coflodiol, manilladiol, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol and campesterol flower); iso-rhamnetin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxasterol 1059-14-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b-
heptamethyl-11-methy
lidene-1,2,3,4a,5,6,
6a,7,8,9,1 0,12,12a
,13,14,14a-hexadecah
ydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Faradiol Not Available 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4,4a,5,6,6a,6a,6b,7,
8,8a,9,12, 12a,13,1
4,14a,14b-icosahydro
picene-3,8-diol
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Erythrodiol 545-48-2 8a-(hydroxymethyl)-4
,4,6a,6b,11,11,14b-h
eptamethyl-1,2,3,4a,
5,6,7,8,9, 10,12,12
a,14,14a-tetradecahy
dropicen-3-ol
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arnidiol Not Available 4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b-
heptamethyl-11-methy
lidene-2,3,4,4a,5,6,
6a,6a,6b,7 ,8,8a,9,
10,12,12a,13,14,14a,
14b-icosahydro-1H-pi
cene-3,8-diol
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Calenduladiol 10070-48-1 Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

HIV, wounds (plant); eye diseases (flower infusion);in ointments for treating wounds, malignant ulcers, frost-bite and skin-damage, and scars; in dental pharmacology and for fumigation amenorrhea, cancer, conjunctivitis, corns, as a depurative agent, in fever, influenza, Hodgkin's disease, internal ulcers, vomiting, sore muscles, sprains, minor burns.

Contraindication

Do not use during pregnancy.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference.

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