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Home » Raw Herbs » Flowers

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

English Name

:

Night Jasmine

Synonym(s)

:

Bruscha macrocarpa Bertol., Nyctanthes arbor-tristis var. dentata Hort. ex Moldenke, Nyctanthes dentata Blume, Nyctanthes tristis Salisb., Parilum arbor-tristis Gaertn., Scabrita triflora.L.

Family

:

Oleaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a shrub or small tree with rough and 4-angular branches. Leaves are petioled, opposite, ovate, entire or with distant teeth and acute with rounded or cuneate base. The flowers are very fragrant and are borne in small sessile bracteate heads disposed in terminal trichotomous cymes. Calyx is ovoid-cylindric tube, orange-red with white and spreading; 4 to 8 lobes which are imbricated in bud and patent. Anthers are 2, sub-sessile and inserted near the mouth of corolla tube. Ovary is 2 celled with one ovule in each cell. The capsules are orbicular, compressed and about 0.7 to 1.2 cm long. Seeds are erect, orbicular and flattened.

Herb Effects

Laxative, diaphoretic, cholagogue, antiinflammatory (leaf juice); expectorant (bark).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Nycatanthoside, nyctanthic acid, beta-amyrin and friedelin (leaf); naringenin (stem); “arobrtristosides” A and B (seed); beta-sitosterol (stem and leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Friedelin 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Naringenin Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chroma
n-4-one
C15H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In sciatica, rheumatism and fever, as an antidote for reptile venoms (leaf); skin diseases (seed paste or powder); as an application for dandruff and other scalp conditions (powdered seeds).

Contraindication

Do no use if pregnant.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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