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Home » Raw Herbs » Seeds

Linum usitatissimum  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Linum usitatissimum L.

English Name

:

Linseed and Flax

Family

:

Linaceae

 

General Info

Description

A stiff, upright annual, about 1 to 2 feet high; stem usually solitary, cylindrical, quite smooth, green, corymbosely branched in the upper part. Leaves alternate sessile, linear-lanceolate, attenuate at each end, entire, smooth, faintly ribbed. Flowers solitary at the ends of the branches. Fruit capsular, surrounded at the base by the persistent sepals, globose, with a sharp-pointed apex, smooth imperfectly 10 celled. Seeds flattened-ovoid, with rounded edges and an abolique blunt beak at the upper end.

Herb Effects

The seed is analgesic, demulcent, emollient, laxative, pectoral and resolvent; increases nerve strength (flower); emollient, expectorant, reduces fever, laxative, aphrodisiac, diuretic and carminative.

Links

Linum usitatissimum L.
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, neolinustatin and linustatin (seed); apigenin, chlorogenic acid and its isomer, luteolin, tocopherol (plant); vitexin (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Neolinustatin 72229-42-6 2-methyl-2-[3,4,5-tr
ihydroxy-6-[[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxa n-2-yl]o
xymethyl]oxan-2-yl]o
xy-butanenitrile
C17H29NO11 Click Here To Enlarge
Linustatin 72229-40-4 2-methyl-2-[3,4,5-tr
ihydroxy-6-[[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxa n-2-yl]o
xymethyl]oxan-2-yl]o
xy-propanenitrile
C16H27NO11 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Tocopherol 59-02-9 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(4,8,12-trimethylt
ridecyl)chroman-6-ol
C29H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Vitexin 521-33-5 4,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-8-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]-chromen-5-one
C21H20O10 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For increasing nerve strength and as a cardiac tonic (flower); gout and rheumatism (seed oil); cancer, colds, constipation, corns, cough, intoxication, pulmonary disorders, sclerosis, spasms, tumors, gallstones, urogenital diseases and as a poultice, soothes irritated tissues, controls coughing and relieves pain.

Contraindication

Animal research suggests that large amounts of flaxseed or lignans consumed during pregnancy might adversely affect the development of the reproductive system (Tou et al., 1998). No studies have attempted to investigate whether this could be a problem in humans. Allergic reactions to flaxseed have occasionally been reported, but are considered very uncommon.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Tou JC, Chen J, Thompson LU. Flaxseed and its lignan precursor, secoisolariciresinol diglycoside, affect pregnancy outcome and reproductive development in rats. J Nutr 1998;128:1861–8.

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