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Home » Plant infomation

Melaleuca leucadendron  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Melaleuca leucadendron Linn.

English Name

:

Cajuput Tree. White Wood and Oil of Cajuput

Synonym(s)

:

Melaleuca minor and Melaleuca cajuputi

Family

:

Myrtaceae

 

General Info

Description

An evergreen tree of small or moderate size with pendulous branches, sometimes attaining a height of 21 m. and a girth up to 1.5 m. Bark white, soft, spongy, peeling off in elongated papery flakes; leaves oblong-elliptic, gland-dotted; flowers small, creamy white, in more or less interrupted elongate spikes; capsules small, globular or hemispheric, woody; seeds numerous, obovoid or cuneate, very small.

Herb Effects

Alleviates spasms and antiprotozoal (aerial part); repels mosquitos, expectorant, carminative and anthelmintic (primarily against roundworms) (volatile oil); antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal and antidandruff.

Links

Botanical.com
Herbal Monograph
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Cineole, a-terpineol and the esters of L-a-pinene and L-limonene also contains sesquiterpenes, sesquiterpene alcohols, azulene, dipentene, valeraldehyde and benzaldehyde (volatile oil of leaf and aerial part); betulin, friedelin, epitaraxeryl acetate.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
l-Limonene 7721-11-1 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Azulene Not Available 3,8-dimethyl-5-propa
n-2-yl-azulene-1-sul
fonic acid
C15H18O3S Click Here To Enlarge
Dipentene 8050-32-6 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzaldehyde 100-52-7 benzaldehyde C7H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Friedelin 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In asthma (leaf); as a tonic (bark powder); for toothache, bronchitis, chronic laryngitis, colic, hysteria and as a liniment in rheumatism and gout (volatile oil).

Reference

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

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