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Home » Raw Herbs » Plant

Mangifera indica  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Mangifera indica L.

English Name

:

Mango

Synonym(s)

:

Mangifera amba Forsk., Mangifera domestica Gaertn., Mangifera gladiata Boj., Mangifera racemosa Boj., Mangifera rubra Boj.

Family

:

Anacardiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large, evergreen tree, 10 to 45 m tall, with a heavy, dome-shaped crown and a straight, stout bole. Bark thick, rough, dark grey, flaking off when old. Leaves linear-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, 10 to 30 cm long and 2 to 9 cm wide, with an aromatic, resinous odour. Inflorescence a large panicle, containing up to 3000 flowers; flowers tiny, reddish-white or yellowish-green, with a pungent odour; staminate and hermaphrodite flowers borne in the same panicle. Fruit a large drupe, highly variable in form and size; fruit skin thick or thin, leathery, green, yelowish or red, often dotted with numerous glands; flesh (mesocarp) whitish-yellow, yellow or orange, firm, soft or juicy, slightly acidic to sweet, richly aromatic; fibres throughout the flesh in some varieties, absent or few in others; seed solitary, ovoid-oblique, encased in a hard, compressed, fibrous endocarp.

Herb Effects

Astringent (bark and flower); restores and invigorates mucous membranes (bark); Diuretic, antiinflammatory, cardiotonic, promotes the formation and/or secretion of bile and antibacterial (against gram-positive strains).

Links

Mango
Tropical Plant Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Mangiferine (plant extract, leaf and bark); catechin, friedelin, butin, beta-sitosterol, leucocyanidin, fisetin and quercetin (plant extract); citric, oxalic, malic and succinic acids (unripe fruit); vitamins A and C beta-carotene and xanthophyll (ripe fruit).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Friedelin 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Butin 492-14-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-7-hydroxy-chroma
n-4-one
C15H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Leucocyanidin 480-17-1 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,4,5,7-t
etrol
C15H14O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Fisetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Succinic acid 6283-68-7 butanedioic acid C4H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Vitamin A 50-37-3 Not Available C20H25N3O Click Here To Enlarge
Vitamin C 89924-69-6 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthophyll 34445-91-5 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-2
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In rheumatism, diphtheria and diarrhea (bark and flower); diabetes, scalds and burns (leaf); for severe bleeding, catarrh, hemoptysis, external ulcers, toothache and for preventing plaques of the teeth; in cases of diarrhea, chronic dysentery, catarrh of the bladder and chronic urethritis resulting from gonorrhea (dried mango flowers); on cracks in the feet and on scabies, and is used to treat syphilis (resinous gum from the trunk); as vermifuges and as astringents in diarrhea, hemorrhages and bleeding hemorrhoids (kernel decoction and powder); for diarrhea, fever, chest complaints, diabetes, hypertension etc (leaf decoction); scurvy and sthomachache (fruit)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

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