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Home » Raw Herbs » Others

Cymbopogon citratus  (DC.) STAPF.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) STAPF.

English Name

:

Lemon Grass

Family

:

Poaceae

 

General Info

Description

The lemon grass is a perennial, tufted, aromatic grass with numerous erect hollow stems (culms) arising from short-branched rhizomes. The culms reach 3 m hight and is solid at the base, with a waxy powdery secretion on the surface below the nodes. The leaves are sheathing; the sheath is leathery, rounded in cross section, tightly embracing the culm, smooth with fine longitudinal lines, the ones at the base persisting; the thin projection from the top of the leaf sheath is rounded or flattish; the blade linear, up to a meter long and 2 cm wide, drooping, whitish green, midrib prominent below, white above, smooth on both surfaces but the top portion and margins are often rough to the touch. Inflorescences are a large, loose, several times divided, nodding panicle, up to 60 cm long, repeatedly branched, each division issuing from a spathe-like sheath, the final branch issuing from the small spathe with a pair of racemes; spikelets bearing 2 florets. The seeds are cylindrical to subglobose with basal hilum.

Herb Effects

Oil has antifungal and antibacterial properties; antimicrobial, analgesic, antipyretic and depresses the central nervous system (essential plant oil); antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cyanogenetic, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, preventative (cold), stimulant and insecticidal.

Links

Floridata

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Mainly citral a and citral b and myrcene but also alpha and beta-pinene and beta-phellandrene (essential plant oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Citral b 106-26-3 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Phellandrene 555-10-2 3-methylidene-6-prop
an-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Colds, cough, as a depurative agent, indigestion, elephantiasis, fever, headache, hypertension, leprosy, malaria, mouth sores, neuritis, painful menstruation, pneumonia, rheumatism, ringworm, sprains, toothache, gingivitis, pyorrhea, for cleaning teeth. A fomentation of leaves is good for immediate relief of colds. It makes human bodies healthy, with its carminative and anticholeric properties. Chinese use the grass to treat colds, headache, intestinal problems, eczema and reduce high blood pressure.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Grieve M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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