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Home » Raw Herbs » Leaves

Ficus religiosa  

   

Botanical Name

:

Ficus religiosa

English Name

:

Bot-Tree, bo-tree, peepul, pipal, pipul, sacred fig.

Synonym(s)

:

Urostigma religiosum (L.) Gasparrini

Family

:

Moraceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a large medium-sized deciduous tree with spreading branches about 10 to 12 m high. Bark is grey with brownish specks, smooth and 1.3 cm thick. Trunks are irregularly shaped. Leaves are alternate, broadly ovate or rotund, caudate and somewhat pendulous, upper surface glaucous, 5 to 7 veined and long petioled. Male flowers are very few and sessile: sepals 3, stamen 1 and filament short. Female and gall flowers: sepals 5, style short and lateral. Fruits are sessile in axillary pairs, depressed-globose, 1.3 cm across and dark purple when ripe.

Herb Effects

Astringent, antiviral, anthelmintic, lowers blood sugar and antiprotozoal (bark).

Links

Ficus religiosa
Buddha and Bodhi Tree

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol and its glucosides (bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For skin diseases (leaf), dysentery, diarrhea and gonorrhea (bark decoction); in heart arrhythmia and sexual disorders, such as spermatorrhea and premature ejaculation, as an astringent (bark),in anal fistula, ulcer and wounds as an absorbent in inflammatory swellings (dried bark),for inflammatory ulcers (tender fresh leaves),in stomach ache and constipation (ripe fruits). The aerial roots are chewed by women to induce conception.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Grieve M. A Modern Herbal 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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