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Home » Plant infomation

Erythrina variegata  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Erythrina variegata Linn.

English Name

:

Indian coral tree, Tiger's claw

Synonym(s)

:

Erythrina indica (Lam.), Erythrina variegata L. var. orientalis (L.) Merr.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

Prickly tree attaining a height of 60 ft. Bark is smooth, yellowish or greenish grey, shining, peeling off in thin papery flakes; branchlets are armed with small dark coloured conical prickles up to the third or fourth year; leaves are trifoliate; leaflets are 4-6 inches long and nearly as broad; flowers are large, coral red and occur in dense racemes; pods are torulose, 6-12 inches long and contain up to 12 seeds; seeds are oblong, smooth and red to dark purple or brown.

Herb Effects

Diuretic, laxative, anthelmintic, galactagogue and emmenagogue(leaf); anticonvulsive, alleviates spasms, relaxes smooth muscles and depresses the central nervous system (bark).

Links

Floridata
Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Erysopitine, erysodienone, erysonine, erysotrine (bark); beta-sitosterol (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Erysonine 7290-05-3 Not Available C17H19NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As an antidote (bark and flower), for dispersing venereal buboes and for relieving pain in joints, for the relief of ear-ache and as anodyne in tooth-ache (leaf).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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