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Home » Raw Herbs » Wood

Berberis vulgaris  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Berberis vulgaris L.

English Name

:

Common Barberry. Jaundice Berry. Barberry. European Barberry. Pepperidge. Sowberry and Maider Berry

Family

:

Berberidaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a deciduous shrub growing up to 4 m high. The leaves are small oval, 2-5 cm long and 1-2 cm broad, with a serrated margin; they are borne in clusters of 2-5 together, subtended by a three-branched spine 3-8 mm long. The flowers are yellow, 4-6 mm across, produced on 3-6 cm long panicles in late spring. The fruit is an oblong red berry 7-10 mm long and 3-5 mm broad, ripening in late summer or autumn.

Herb Effects

Antiprotozoal (plant); hypothermic (fruit); laxative (fruit and root); promotes or stimulates the flow of bile and dilates blood vessels (root bark); antiseptic, astringent, cholagogue, hepatic, purgative, refrigerant, stomachic and tonic (bark and root bark)

Links

Herb Information
Plants for a Future
Botanical.com
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Berberine, palmatine, jatrorrhizine, oxyacanthine, columbamine, berberrubine, berbamine, ixotetrandrine and xatroricine (root bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Berberine 633-65-8 Not Available C20H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Palmatine 4880-79-9 Not Available C21H22NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Jatrorrhizine 1168-00-9 Not Available C20H21NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxyacanthine 62018-86-4 Not Available C37H40N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Columbamine 3621-36-1 Not Available C20H20NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Berbamine Not Available Not Available C37H40N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Diarrhea, dysentery, jaundice and skin diseases (root bark juice); sporadic fever (root bark decoction); throat and mouth irritation (fruit or root decoction); for strengthening the gums and relieving pyorrhea (fruit juice); stomach cancer and stomachache.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Grieve M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage)Int J Immunopharmacol 1996 Oct;18(10):553-61.

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