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Home » Plant infomation

Elaeocarpus sphaericus  (GAERTN.) K.SCHUM.


Botanical Name


Elaeocarpus sphaericus (GAERTN.) K.SCHUM.

English Name


Utrasum Bead Tree



Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G. Don, Ganitrus sphaericus Gaertn., Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume





General Info


It is a large tree up to 18 m high and generally buttressed at the base. The bark is fairly smooth and greyish-brown outside with light reticulate fissures and white bloches. Leaves are lanceolate, obscurely serrulate, nearly glabrous. The flowers are white and are borne in compact drooping racemes. The drupes are about 1.2-2.5 cm across, globose, bluish-purple and succulent when ripe. The stones are 5-celled, strongly tubercled and are marked with as many longitudinal furrows as there are cells in the stone.

Herb Effects

Cardiostimulant, hypotensive, sedative, anticonvolusions, spasmolytic, choleretic and bronchodialatory (fruit); stimulates the central nervous system and hypoglycemic (stem bark).


Active Ingredients

Elaeocarpine, rudrakine and gallic and ellagic acids (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Elaeocarpine 30891-90-8 Not Available C16H19NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

Its fruits are considered as sour, thermogenic, appetizer and sedative which are useful in coughs, neuralgia, bronchitis, cephalalgia, anorexia, manic conditions, stimulating the heart and brain conditions. Its fruit-stones are considered sweet, cooling emollient, cerebral sedative, expectorant, liver tonic and febrifuge and are used in epileptic fits, manic conditions, melancholia, mental disorders, convulsions, insomnia, cephalalgia, hepatopathy, hypertension, bronchitis and fever.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.



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