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Home » Raw Herbs ยป Leaves

Diospyros melanoxylon  Roxb.

   

Botanical Name

:

Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.

English Name

:

Ebony, Persimmon

Synonym(s)

:

Diospyros tupru Buch.-Ham.

Family

:

Ebenaceae

 

General Info

Description

A moderate-sized to large tree, attaining a height of 60-80 ft. and a girth up to 7 ft., with a straight cylindrical bole of 15-20 ft. under favourable conditions. Leaves opposite or alternate and coriaceus, up to 35 cm long, tomentose on both sides when young, becoming glabrous above when fully grown. Male flowers are mauve in colour, tetramerous to sextamerous, 1-1.5 cm long, sessile or nearly sessile in short peduncles, mostly 3-flowered. Female flowers mauve, mostly extra-axillary or sometimes solitary, axillary generally 2, opposite each other, larger than the male flowers. Fruits olive green, ovoid or globose.

Herb Effects

Laxative, are diuretic, laxative and styptic (leaf); carminative and astringent (leaf, bark and fruit); hypotensive (aerial part).

Links

AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Hentriacontane, hentriacontanol and alpha-arryrin (leaf); a pentacyclic quinone (heartwood).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Hentriacontane 630-04-6 Hentriacontane C31H64 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a laxative (leaf); in urinary, skin and blood diseases (dried flowers); in diarrhoea and dyspepsia (bark decoction).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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