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Home » Plant infomation

Commiphora wightii  (Arn.) Bhandari

   

Botanical Name

:

Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari

English Name

:

Indian Bdellium

Synonym(s)

:

Balsamea mukul Engl., Balsamodendrum mukul Hook. ex Stocks, Commiphora mukul (Hook. ex Stocks.) Engl., Commiphora roxburghiana Engl.

Family

:

Burseraceae

 

General Info

Description

Small dimorphic tree or shrub with thorns. Leaves sessile, alternate or fascicled, 1-3-foliolate; leaflets glabrous, the terminal sessile or subsessile, obovate, serrate (sometimes serrate only towards the apex), 1-5 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm broad, lateral when present sessile, serrate or entire, less than half the size of the terminal leaflet. Bisexual and male flowers sessile, 3-5 mm long, usually red, sometimes pinkish white. Bracts 2, opposite, glandular hairy. Calyx fused basally with the disc; tubular or urceolate, 1-2 mm long; lobes usually triangular, valvate, glandular hairy outside. Petals reflexed, acute, 3-5 mm long, 1 mm broad. Stamens 8, very rarely 10, 3-5 mm long, free, alternately short and long, included, sometimes equalling the petals. Disc conspicuous, toothed; shorter stamens inserted alternately in deeper sinuses. Ovary 2-loculed with sessile 2-lobed stigma. Fruit up to 1 cm long, red when ripe, marked with 2 white longitudinal lines (or grooves), mucronate; mesocarp yellow, rarely orange, 4 lined and fused at the base; epicarp dehiscing from the base upwards on maturation. In female flowers, sepals 2 mm long, petals 3-4 mm long, 1 mm broad; staminodes 8, alternately short and long, l-1.5 mm long; ovary and fruit the same as in bisexual flowers.

Herb Effects

Lowers blood cholesterol, antiseptic, astringent and antisuppurative (gum resin).

Links

Herbal Monograph

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Guggulsterones Z and E, guggulsterols I to V, two diterperoids and cembrane A; guggulipid (gum resin).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Guggulsterones Z 39025-23-5 (8R,9S,10R,13S,14S,1
7Z)-17-ethylidene-10
,13-dimethyl-1,2,6,7
,8,9,11,12 ,14,15-d
ecahydrocyclopenta[a
]phenanthrene-3,16-d
ione
C21H28O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Guggulsterones E 39025-24-6 (8R,9S,10R,13S,14S,1
7E)-17-ethylidene-10
,13-dimethyl-1,2,6,7
,8,9,11,12 ,14,15-d
ecahydrocyclopenta[a
]phenanthrene-3,16-d
ione
C21H28O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Neurological disorders, hemorrhoids, obesity and in arthritis (gum resin).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

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