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Home » Raw Herbs ยป Peel

Citrus medica  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Citrus medica L.

English Name

:

Citron and Cedrat

Synonym(s)

:

Citrus medica L. var. cedrata Risso, Citrus medica L. var. medica, Citrus aurantium L. var. medica Wight & Arnott, Citrus crassa Hasskarl

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small tree or shrub, about 10 feet high, without a distinct trunk and with irregular, straggling, short, thick branches; bark whitish grey; young shoots stiff; purplish or voilet-coloured. Leaves large, the petioles very short and not winged, blade 5 to 6 inches long, broadly oblong or oval-oblong, tapering at the base, obtuse at the apex, bluntly crenate-serrate, stiff but not thick, gland-dotted, dark green above, pale beneath. Flowers generally unisexual, usually in clusters of several, pink, the buds purplish, otherwise much as in the Lemon. Fruit very large, more or less oblong in outline, often 8 or 9 inches long, usually blunt and not mammillate at the apex.

Herb Effects

Laxative and anthelmintic (root); stimulant (fruit); anticancer (aerial part).

Links

Citron
Citron

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Citral, d-limonene, dipentene, geranyl-aetate, hesperidin, linalyl-acetate, phellandrene (pericarp); eriocitrin frompeel, limocitrol, sinapic acid and limocitrin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Eriocitrin 13463-28-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-5-hydroxy-7-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-[(3,
4,5-trihyd roxy-6-m
ethyl-oxan-2-yl)oxym
ethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxy-
chroman-4-one
C27H32O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Sinapic acid 530-59-6 3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dim
ethoxy-phenyl)prop-2
-enoic acid
C11H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
D-limonene 95327-98-3 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Geranyl acetate 8022-83-1 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienyl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Hesperidin 520-26-3 5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydro
xy-4-methoxy-phenyl)
-7-[3,4,5-trihydroxy
-6-[(3,4,5 -trihydr
oxy-6-methyl-oxan-2-
yl)oxymethyl]oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chroman-4-one
C28H34O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Linalyl acetate 8022-85-3 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6
-dien-3-yl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In kidney stones, vomiting, as a laxative and anthelmintic (root); as a tonic and stimulant (fruit), to treat tastelessness due to fever, intrinsic haemorrhage, anaemia, jaundice, hiccough, asthma, vomiting, pain in cardiac region, colic, pox, calculus and gravels, dental caries, for easy delivery, foul smell in flatus, erysipelas, headache, anorexia during pregnancy and earache.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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