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Home » Plant infomation

Chelidonium majus  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Chelidonium majus L.

English Name

:

Greater Celandine

Family

:

Papaveraceae

 

General Info

Description

Perennial herb (weed) growing as high as 1 m, with deeply divided, 30-cm long leaves. The flowers comprise four yellow petals, each about 1 cm long, and are produced from May to July. The seeds are small and black and shining, each with a whitish, deciduous crest.

Herb Effects

Antispasmodic (to the gastrointestinal tract), stimulates the flow of bile soothes and aids in healing digestive parts, kills microbes in the upper respiratory tract and sedative. Acrid, alterative, anodyne, antispasmodic, caustic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, hydrogogue, narcotic, purgative (leaves and sap)

Links

Plants for a Future
The American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Allocryptopine, berberine, chelerythrine, chelidonine, chelirubine, citric acid, coptisine, formic acid, histamine, magnoflorine, malic acid, nicotinic acid, protopine, sanguinarine, succinic acid, tyramine (plant); choline (fruit).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Allocryptopine 485-91-6 Not Available C21H23NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Berberine 633-65-8 Not Available C20H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Chelerythrine 34316-15-9 Not Available C21H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Chelidonine 4312-31-6 Not Available C20H19NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Chelirubine 28387-06-6 Not Available C21H16NO5+ Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Coptisine 3486-66-6 Not Available C19H14NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histamine 51-45-6 2-(3H-imidazol-4-yl)
ethanamine
C5H9N3 Click Here To Enlarge
Magnoflorine 6681-18-1 Not Available C20H24NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotinic acid 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Protopine 130-86-9 Not Available C20H19NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sanguinarine 5578-73-4 Not Available C20H14NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Succinic acid 6283-68-7 butanedioic acid C4H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyramine 60-19-5 4-(2-aminoethyl)phen
ol
C8H11NO Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In diseases of the internal, digestive organs, periodontal disease and for warts; in ancient times, it was used for eye cataracts. To treat warts (latex); in the treatment of bronchitis, whooping cough, asthma, jaundice, gallstones and gallbladder pains (plant)

Contraindication

Plant is considered toxic and dosages should be monitored carefully. The stem juice is highly irritating and allergenic, it may cause paralysis. Large doses cause sleepiness, skin irritation, respiratory tract irritation, violent coughing and dyspnoea. It also stains the urine bright yellow and may cause ulcers

Reference

Grieve MA Modern Herbal. 1931 (www.botanical.com).


Jagiello-Wojtowicz E. Kleinrok Z. Urbanska EM. Ukrain (NSC-631570) in experimental and clinical studies: a review. Drugs Exp Clin Res1998;24(5-6):213-9.

Johnson Timothy. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference.

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