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Raw Herbs  Health Remedies

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Home » Health Remedies » Musculo skeletal disorders»Inflammatory Bone Joint and connective tissue disorders

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Health Remedies - Rheumatic Disorder

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Useful herbs

Abelmoschus moschatus

Stomach disorders,hysteria and as an aphrodisiac (seed); venereal diseases and sexual disorders (in men).The roots, seeds, and sometimes leaves, are used in traditional Indian medicines for a variety of illnesses including intestinal complaints, constipation, dyspepsia, and gonorrhea (Oudhia, 2001a).Roots and leaves are cures for gonorrhea (Agharkar 1991). Even use against venomous reptiles has been reported (Lindley 1985). The poultice of leaves and roots are used for boils, cystitis, fever, headache, rheumatism and vericose vein.

Abies alba

Used as an inhalant, to treat bronchitis, cystitis, leucorrhoea, ulcers and flatulent colic (leaves and resin); in bath extracts, rubbing oils etc for treating rheumatic pains and neuralgia (resin)

Abies canadensis

In leucorrhoea, prolapsus uteri, prolapsus ani, diarrhoea, gangrene, and in aphthous and other oral ulcerations (bark); pleurisy orchitis from mumps, peritonitis, and all inflammations caused by cold, to all sprains and bruises and to lumbago, rheumatism and sciatica, in herpes, moist eczema, fevers and psoriasis (oil)

Abies concolor

For cuts, wounds, in the treatment of TB (bark); for relieving rheumatism (foliage)

Abies grandis

As a wash for sore and infected eyes and as a gargle for sore throats (gum from bark); in the treatment of stomach problems and TB (root bark or stem); to ease rheumatism or to the chest to treat lung haemorrhages (poultice); in the treatment of colds (leaves)

Abies mariana

A folk remedy for kidney stones, stomach problems and rheumatism (inner bark); in the treatment of stomach pains, trembling and fits (root and bark); on purulent wounds, bad burns, skin rashes, scabies and persistent scabs (resin mixed with oil); in treating respiratory infections and kidney problems (gum or leaves); as a bath or a rub in treating dry skin or sores (leaves)

Abroma augusta

As a uterine tonic, in neuralgia, dysmenorrhoea and regulates menstrual flow (juice of root bark); diabetes, rheumatic pain and sinusitis (leaf).

Acacia catechu

Leprosy (root decoction. leaf. bark and fruit); in skin diseases and ulcers, chronic diarrhea, bleeding of the uterus and nose, mucosal discharges (such as leucorrhea) and hoarseness, gonorrhea (flowers), rheumatism and tooth ache (root), asthma, bronchitis, chest pain, sore in mouth (plant).

Acalypha indica

For cough (leaf extract); bronchitis and pneumonia (plant decoction); skin diseases (leaf); as a vermifuge, in constipation and rheumatism; in asthma, cough, bronchitis and earache (fruit) .

Aconitum bisma

In diarrhea, rheumatism, vomiting and as a tonic (root); gastrointestinal disorder (used in "Gasex") (plant).

Aconitum carmichaelii

In the treatment of shock and collapse, chronic diseases with symptoms of cold, gastralgia and rheumatic arthralgia, oedema and diarrhoea due to hypofunction of the spleen and kidney (root).

Aconitum chasmanthum

Rheumatism, diarrhea and neuralgia

Aconitum ferox

Rheumatism, neuralgia, leprosy, fever and chest discomfort. In India in the treatment of leprosy, fevers, cholera and rheumatism (Chopra et al., 1986)

Actaea alba

In the treatment of coughs, colds, rheumatism and syphilis, to treat itchy skin and as a gargle for sore throats (root)

Actaea cimicifuga

Lowers fevers and reduces pain (plant); in the treatment of rheumatic complaints, coughs, colds, headaches, gum inflammation and feverish infections such as measles (root)

Actaea spicata

Used in snakebite; antispasmodic, cytostatic, emetic, nervine and purgative (root);it is also considered useful in the treatment of nervous disorders and rheumatic fever (Coventry,1923).In India it is used in the treatment of rheumatism, goitre and asthma.

Actinidia chinensis

In the treatment of stones in the urinary tract, rheumatoid arthralgia, cancers of the liver and oesophagus (fruits, stems and roots)

Adenanthera pavonia

Curing eye diseases (wood paste) and in rheumatism, gout, haematuria and haematemesis (leaf decoction).

Adenostoma fasciculatum

In the treatment of rheumatism and as a wash for infected, sore or swollen parts of the body (leaves and branches)

Adhatoda vasica

For asthma and intermittent fever; used also as an expectorant in cases of chronic bronchitis and phthisis. On rheumatic joints, as a counter-irritant on inflammatory swellings, on fresh wounds, urticaria and in neuralgia.

Aegopodium podagraria

In the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, gout, sciatica and disorders of the bladder and intestines, as a poultice on burns, stings, wounds, painful joints etc (infusion)

Aerva pseudotomentosa

Used in gastric complaints and rheumatism ; as antihelmintic

Aesculus glabra

For asthma, with continual dyspnoea, non-paroxysmal, tightness in the chest and about the heart, bronchial irritation with constriction, sense of constriction, tightness or uneasiness in the rectum, accompanied or not with hemorrhoids, intestinal irritation with constriction and colicky pains near the umbilicus, rheumatism and piles

Aesculus hippocastanum

Reduces fluid retention by increasing the permeability of the capillaries and allowing the re-absorption of excess fluid back into the circulatory system, for the treatment of a wide range of venous diseases, including hardening of the arteries, varicose veins, phlebitis, leg ulcers, haemorrhoids and frostbite (plant); in the treatment of malaria and dysentery, externally in the treatment of lupus and skin ulcers (tea from bark); fevers and whooping cough (leaves); in the treatment of rheumatism, neuralgia and haemorrhoids (seeds)

Aesculus indica

In edema (plant extract); leucorrhea (root); whooping cough (leaf) and vascular disorders (such as hemorrhoids , varicose veins and phlebitis); astringent, acrid and narcotic (seeds); for skin disease and rheumatism (oil from seed); the seed is given to horses suffering from colic; an anthelmintic on horses.

Ageratum conyzoides

Stops bleeding from cuts (leaf juice); as an antilithic (root), styptic (leaves),to treat cuts, wounds and bruises (plant juice); to treat scabies, rheumatism, coughs and colds (flower heads).

Ajuga bracteosa

Purifying blood and for fever (leaf juice); burns and boils (leaf powder); fever, skin diseases and joint pain (root bark); gout and rheumatism, palsy and amenorrhoea (plant).

Ajuga chamaepitys

For gout and rheumatism and efficient in menstrual derangements, in dropsy, jaundice, strangury, and visceral obstructions

Alangium chinense

In the treatment of rheumatism, numbness, traumatic injuries, wounds and snakebites; applied to the area around dislocated bones to help them setting (root paste)

Alcea rosea

Healing mucous membranes in upper respiratory tract disorders; fever, dysentry and gravel (roots); in rheumatism (flowers).

Aletris farinosa

Promotes the appetite and is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, rheumatism and jaundice, for expelling flatulence, for troubles arising from menopause and for various uterine disorders (root); It is used as a female tonic in loss of virility and for debility (decoction of the dried root); in stomach problems and bloody dysentery (infusion of the leaves).

Alhagi pseudalhagi

Rheumatism (oil); for swellings and abscesses (root decoction); for fever (leaves); as a blood coagulant (flowers); for chest pain and headache (leaf infusion)

Alnus rubra

In the treatment of many complaints such as headaches, rheumatic pains, internal injuries, diarrhoea, to eczema, sores and aches (bark); for diarrhoea (catkins and young cones)

Alpinia galanga

Used in fevers, catarrhal affections, rheumatism, incontinence of urine, bronchitis and as a carminative (rhizome).

Alstonia constricta

For chronic diarrhoea, dysentery and in intermittent fever; in curing certain forms of rheumatism (inner bark)

Alstonia scholaris

In tuberculosis and as a tonic and laxative (bark decoction); in skin disorders, in dysentery, chronic diarrhea and fever, in heart diseases, asthma and to stop bleeding of wounds; for deafness (bark); in leprosy and dyspepsia (fresh bark juice); for beri-beri and liver congestion (decoction of young leaf); to ulcers, sores, tumours and in rheumatic pain, and is used for curing toothache, an antidote for Antiaris- poisoning (the milky juice or latex).

Amorphophallus campanulatus

Asthma, dysentery and hemorrhoids (corm decoction); to treat acute rheumatism.

Anemone obtusiloba

In jaundice, spleen and kidney problems (leaf); in the treatment of rheumatism (oil)

Angelica archangelica

Good remedy for colds, coughs, pleurisy, wind, colic, rheumatism and diseases of the urinary organs, for intestinal problems (including indigestion).

Angelica atropurpurea

In the treatment of colds, rheumatism etc (leaves); in the treatment of fevers, colds, flatulent colic and other stomach disorders, obstructed menses and as a general tonic for women, as a gargle for sore throats and mouths and as a poultice for broken bones, swellings etc (infusion)

Angelica pubescens

To promote menstruation, to treat arthritis, rheumatism, headache, toothache and abscesses.

Annona muricata

For haematuria and urethritis (ripe fruit juice); to alleviate eczema and other skin afflictions and rheumatism (leaves); as an antidote for poisoning (bark); for all types of cancer, high blood pressure.

Annona squamosa

Head lice removal (seed); for cancerous tumors (bruised leaves and salt combination), administered in acute dysentery and as a snuff to overcome hysteria (bruised leaves). Leaves made into a paste without adding water are applied to unhealthy ulcers and wounds. The leaf decoction is also employed in baths to alleviate rheumatic pain.

Anthemis cotula

To induce menstruation and was traditionally used to treat supposedly hysterical conditions related to the uterus, as a poultice on piles or to draw splinters out of the body, and can also be applied to the bath water (herb); rheumatism, epilepsy, asthma, colds and fevers (infusion); onto insect stings (leaves)

Apium graveolens

To treat diarrhoea, dysentery, hoarseness of voice, gravels, indigestion and loss of appetite, and impurity of breast-milk caused, bronchitis (seed decoction); rheumatism (fruit); as a very potent aphrodisiac (seed); arthritis, bruises, dropsy, dysmenorrhea, gout, hoarseness, indigestion, depression, nervous affections resulting from the degeneration of sheathing, scurvy and sores.

Apocynum cannabinum

To treat syphilis, rheumatism, intestinal worms, fever, asthma, and dysentery (plant).

Aquilaria agallocha

In rheumatism, gout, diarrhea and ending vomiting (bark); in diarrhoea, dysentery, gout, rheumatism, asthma and paralysis.

Aralia nudicaulis

In the treatment of pulmonary diseases, cough, asthma, rheumatism, stomach aches and cystitis (root); used as a poultice in treating rheumatism, sores, burns, itchy skin, ulcers and skin problems such as eczema (root paste)

Aralia racemosa

In the treatment of pulmonary diseases, asthma, rheumatism etc (herb); to sores, burns, itchy skin, ulcers, swellings etc (root/fruit).Externally it is used as a poultice in treating rheumatism and skin problems such as eczema.

Arctium lappa

Liver and gallbladder problems, gastritis, ulcers, the initial onset of diabetes, alopecia, skin diseases (especially eczema), ulcers, in rheumatism, scrofulous gout, cancer, syphilis and in baldness. The herb is employed as an ointment or liniment for burns, ulcers and other cutaneous diseases.

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

For urinary tract complaints, including cystitis and urolithiasis, to treat rashes, skin sores etc, and as a wash for a baby's head, as an eyewash, a mouthwash for cankers and sore gums and as a poultice for back pains, rheumatism, burns etc. (leaves)

Argyreia speciosa

Chronic ulcers and as an aphrodisiac (root powder); skin diseases (latex); as a tonic, in gonorrhea and disorders of the nervous system (root); rheumatism (root and latex); for male sexual disorders (plant).

Aristolochia longa

Relief of rheumatism, gout stimulation of glands and blood circulation

Arnica montana

An external treatment for bruises and sprains (Castro, 1990 and Bown, 1995); in the treatment of heart complaints and as a booster for the immune system. Arnica is used topically for a wide range of conditions including bruises, sprains, muscle aches, wound healing, acne, superficial phlebitis, rheumatic pain, inflammation from insect bites, and swelling due to fractures.

Artemisia campestris

To treat stomach problems (leaves); to rheumatic joints, eczema, bruises and sores (plant); as a hair tonic and to treat scalp infections (root)

Artemisia tridentata

In the treatment of digestive disorders and sore throats, to treat pneumonia, bad colds with coughing and bronchitis, for rheumatism, to relieve pain during child birthing (leaves); as a liniment on cuts, sores etc (crushed plant)

Atractylodes japonica

To help lower blood sugar levels and to exert a protective influence on the liver, gastro-intestinal disorders, diarrhoea, water retention, mastitis, fistula, rheumatoid arthritis and night blindness (rhizome)

Azadirachta indica

To treat skin diseases, rheumatism, stomach worms, gastric ulcers, urinary discharges, tumours, piles, toothache, arthritis, leprosy and sprains; used in Ayurveda practice to relieve cough, asthma, piles, tumours and urinary discharges.

Balanites aegyptiaca

In rheumatism (seed oil); stomach problems and as an expectorant (seed); useful in burns, wounds and ulcers, common cold, whooping cough, leucoderma, malaria, sleeping sickness and other skin diseases.

Baliospermum montanum

Rheumatism (seed oil); snakebite antidote (seed); to treat piles, anaemia, jaundice, skin diseases, cyst, as purgative, wound, conjunctivitis, diabetes, numbness, dropsy, general anasarca, asthma.

Balsamorhiza sagittata

For stomach pains, colds, whooping cough, TB, fevers and headaches (leaves, root and stem); to treat sore mouths and throats, toothaches, for body aches such as rheumatism, on wounds, blisters, bites, swellings and sores (root); for dysentery (seeds)

Barleria prionitis

As an expectorant (bark juice) and in catarrh (of children) (plant juice); in whooping cough and bronchitis (plant decoction); for wounds (leaf). as a poultice to promote healing of wounds and to relieve rheumatic pains, scabies and itches (crushed leaves); as a gargle to relieve toothache (leaf decoction).

Bellis perennis

In the treatment of catarrh, rheumatism, arthritis, liver and kidney disorders, as a blood purifier etc (herb); to wounds, bruises, for mouth ulcers (leaves); for the treatment of scorbutic complaints and eczema (root)

Betula pendula

Rheumatism, sciatica and long-term inflammations of the urinary tract. Used in treating intermittent fevers (inner bark); in the treatment of gout, dropsy and rheumatism, and is recommended as a reliable solvent of kidney stones (leaf infusion); for bathing skin eruptions (leaves and bark decoction)

Betula pubescens

In the treatment of various skin afflictions, especially eczema and psoriasis (inner bark); in the treatment of gout, dropsy and rheumatism, and is recommended as a reliable solvent of kidney stones (leaves)

Blepharis persica

Impotency and rheumatism (plant); headache (leaf paste); in wounds, ulcers, nasal haemorrhage, asthma, throat inflammation, ascites, and disorders of liver and spleen, and as a purgative (leaves).

Blumea balsamifera

Diarrhea, cholera and body swellings due to beri-beri and rheumatism (leaf); angina, chest troubles, headache, dropsy and hypertension and as a tranquilizer (leaf extract).

Boerhavia diffusa

To treat anaemia, oedema, internal abscess, calculi, eye diseases, oedema during pregnancy, haemoptysis, for inducing sleep, fever, rheumatic ailments, difficult labour, vaginal pain, rejuvinative, asthma, oedema, anaemia, jaundice, ascites, anasarca, scanty urine and internal inflammation. It is also an antidote to snake poisoning.

Brassica juncea

Folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. Tumours, abscesses, colds, lumbago, rheumatism, and stomach disorders (seed); skin eruptions and ulcers (mustard oil); for headache (leaves).

Brassica napus

In the treatment of chronic coughs and bronchial catarrh (root juice); with camphor for rheumatism and stiff joints; dissolves gall stones (seed oil). It is dropped into the ear to relieve earaches.

Brassica oleracea

Hemorrhoids, as a poultice to cleanse infected wounds and skin diseases, to lower blood sugar,in the treatment of asthma, gout and rheumatism (leaf); increases secretion of gastric juices (leaf and seed).

Buxus wallichiana

Useful in the treatment of rheumatism and syphilis.

Caesalpinia sappan

Dysentery and diarrhea, and its paste in rheumatism, haemorrhages and to treat wounds (wood decoction)

Callicarpa macrophylla

In rheumatic pains (leaves); oral ulcers (seeds paste); in leprosy (seed); in gonorrhoea (bark); to treat indigestion (root juice); to treat boils on the tongue (fruits)

Calluna vulgaris

For treating rheumatism and arthritis, whilst a hot poultice is a traditional remedy for chilblains, for rheumatism, arthritis and gout (plant); in the treatment of coughs, colds, bladder and kidney disorders, cystitis etc (flowering shoot)

Calophyllum inophyllum

Leprosy and rheumatism (seed oil); in scabies (seed kernel); to treat eye disease, scabies, cutaneous diseases, gonorrhoea and gleet, rheumatism and gout. Used as an inhalation in migraine and vertigo.

Calotropis procera

Dysentery, diarrhea, indigestion, reducing fever, leprosy, skin diseases and eczema (root bark); cough, cold and asthma (flower and root bark); toothache (latex); rheumatism and syphilis; to relieve stomach pain (leaves); cures piles, asthma, cholera and wounds (flowers).

Caltha palustris

To remove warts and is also used in the treatment of fits and anaemia (plant); used in the treatment of high blood cholesterol and rheumatism (root).

Campsis grandiflora

In the treatment of women's complaints (flowers and whole plant); to correct menstrual disorders, rheumatoid pains, traumatic injuries, difficult urination, pruritis and oozing dermaphytoses (flower)

Capparis decidua

Useful in cough, asthma and inflammations (root bark); as a poultice on boils and swellings, to relieve toothache (tender leaves); in remittent fevers and rheumatism (stem bark); to animals for stomach disturbances (decoction of ariel parts).

Capparis spinosa

Spleen, kidney and liver maladies (root); gastrointestinal infections, diarrhoea, gout, rheumatism, skin conditions, capillary weakness and easy bruising; coughs, and externally to treat eye infections and in preventing the formation of cataracts (unopened flower buds); to treat vaginal thrush (plant decoction).

Capsicum annuum

For atony of the intestines and stomach, indigestion, dipsomania, catarrh, relieving chronic congestion, relaxed uvula (tincture powder), as a powerful external rubefacient (without blistering), in lumbago, rheumatism and neuralgia. It is taken internally in the treatment of the cold stage of fevers, debility in convalescence or old age, varicose veins, asthma and digestive problems. Externally it is used in the treatment of sprains, unbroken chilblains, neuralgia, pleurisy etc. It is an effective sea-sickness preventative. It is useful for Bursitis, Diabetic neuropathy, Osteoarthritis, Psoriasis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Shingles (herpes zoster) and postherpetic neuralgia. Cayenne pepper exerts a number of beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system.

Cardiospermum halicacabum

Pain and rheumatism (plant paste); earache, rheumatism, as a poultice on swellings (leaf), lowers blood pressure, to treat stomach diseases, rat-poisoning, snake-poisoning, cough with fever, scrotal enlargement, alopecia, anaemia and jaundice.

Carissa opaca

Laxative, rheumatism and animal sores that are infested with worms (root).

Carthamus tinctorius

Sores and pain related to rheumatism (seed oil); jaundice (flower); laxative (seed); boils, candida infections, dysmenorrhea, rashes, fever, gout, gynecopathy, lack of apetite, measles, tumors, as an antidote, an emmenagogue, in cases of hysteria, such as that associated with chlorosis; poultice used to ally inflammation of the womb after child birth (powdered seed).

Carum carvi

Stomach problems, bronchitis, to increase the production of breast milk in nursing mothers (seed); rheumatism and lumbago (seed vapor); in cancer, cholera, abscesses, flatulence, halitosis, headache and as an emmenagogue; "Caraway water" is used as a veh.

Casearia sylvestris

For diarrhea, chest colds and flu (bark); to treat wounds and leprosy (roots or seeds);for skin diseases, to treat rheumatism, syphilis, herpes, stomach and skin ulcers, edema, fevers of all kinds, diarrhea, a topical pain-reliever and as an anti-ulcer drug (plant)

Cassia auriculata

Diabetes (seed); skin diseases (root); to treat sore throat, enemas, rheumatism and eye diseases (bark); to treat chronic purulent opthalmia and conjunctivitis, gout, gonorrhoea, dysentery, diabetes cough and asthma; to treat urinary disorders and diabetes (flowers).

Cassia fistula

In tuberculosis, reducing fever and as a tonic (seed and fruit), in rheumatism, gout, blood poisoning, dysentery, anthrax, diabetes, leprosy, liver problems (including biliousness) and for varicose veins (including shrinking them) (pod pulp).

Cassia tora

Snakebite anitdote (root); skin diseases such as caused by ringworm and itching, rheumatic ailments (seed and leaf); eases skin itch and eruptions, relieves pain, congestion, redness, or sensitivity to light of the eyes (herb). Used as a poultice, warmed leaves reduce gout, sciatica, and joint pains, in cases of liver yang rising, chronic or acute constipation accompanying liver yin deficiency.

Castanea sativa

As an astringent and in whooping cough (leaf and bark); for fevers and diseases of the respiratory track, rheumatism, to ease lower back pains and to relieve stiff muscles and joints (leaves)

Cedrus deodara

In arthritis, rheumatism, skin diseases, ulcers, to remove the pain,it resolves inflammation, paralysis, stone in the kidney, fevers. in remittent and intermittent fevers, diarrhea and dysentery (bark); in the treatment of ulcers (powder); bilious fevers and inveterate diarrhea arising from atony of the muscular fiber.

Celastrus paniculatus

In rheumatism, treats scabies, pains and wounds, intestinal ulcers, tuberculosis, epilepsy, stomach disorders, psychosis, oedema, disorder of nervous system, leprosy (seed oil); in gout, external wounds, beriberi and as a sedative in anxiety and other nervous problems, intestinal diseases, wound, drowsiness in fever and amenorrhoea, sharpens the memory, cures sores, ulcers, rheumatism and gout; to treat pneumonia (crushed root).

Celastrus scandens

For chronic liver and skin ailments (including skin cancer), rheumatism, leucorrhoea, dysentery and suppressed menses; to treat obstinate sores, skin eruptions etc (root); as an ointment on burns, scrapes and skin eruptions (bark)

Chenopodium album

Anemia (root and leaf); stomach worms (plant oil); for treating burns (leaf juice); as a wash or poultice to bug bites, sunstroke, rheumatic joints and swollen feet, whilst a decoction is used for carious teeth (leaves); urinary problems and are considered useful for relieving the discharge of semen through the urine (seeds)

Chimaphila maculata

In the treatment of rheumatism and colds, on ulcers, scrofula and cancers (plant); to treat pain (root)

Chimaphila umbellata

In the treatment of various problems related to the urinary system, it is also prescribed for more serious conditions such as kidney stones and gonorrhoea (plant); in cardiac and kidney diseases, chronic rheumatism and scrofula (fresh leaves)

Chlorogalum pomeridianum

To treat wind in the stomach, rubbed on rheumatic joints, in the treatment of dandruff, to prevent lice and also to treat skin irritations including that caused by poison oak (bulb)

Cibotium barometz

In the treatment of rheumatism, lumbago, sciatica, leucorrhoea, dysuria, polyuria in the aged, on wounds to stop bleeding etc (rhizome)

Cichorium intybus

Vomiting (related to biliousness), headache, asthma and as a brain tonic (seed); enlarged liver, jaundice, gout and rheumatism (root decoction); kidney stones (plant decoction); in cancer, fever, sclerosis (spleen), skin maladies, abdominal pain, inflamma.

Cicuta virosa

In the treatment of epilepsy, meningitis, other ailments affecting the brain, as a local anodyne in rheumatic and neuralgic complaints, and gout

Cimicifuga foetida

In the treatment of rheumatic complaints, coughs, colds, headaches, gum diseases and feverish infections such as measles (root)

Cinchona officinalis

As a tonic in intermittent fevers, debility, leucorrhea, smallpox, rheumatism, etc.. in skin ulcers and gum problems (bark); sore throat (bark decoction or infusion)

Cinnamomum verum

Aids in relieving stomach cramps and for irritation of the gastrointestinal tract; diarrhea and dysentery (where it is sometimes given with chalk); rectal, stomach and uterine cancer (decoction); also used in rheumatism, neuralgia, toothache and in parala and paralysis of tongue.

Cinnamomum camphora

In indigestion (leaf); as a sedative (in hysteria), carminative, aphrodisiac, as a nervine depressant in chorea, epilepsy, convulsions and rheumatism, in urogenital disorders, pruritis and as an antidote (in strychnine poisoning) (essential plant oil). Camphor liniment is used for relief of pain in muscular rheumatism.

Cinnamomum iners

For the treatment of rheumatism and fever (roots)

Cinnamomum tamala

In indigestion, in colic, diarrhoea and rheumatism (leaf).

Citrullus colocynthis

Rheumatism, urinary disorders and jaundice (root); for constipation, amenorrhea and dropsy (Colocynth pulp which is freed from seeds); Diabetes (plant).

Citrus aurantium

In stomach problems and as a laxative (fruit); in the treatment of swollen legs, in bronchitis and as a tonic (leaves); in fever, inflammation, for eyes, skin and hands and internally is taken for dysentery, diarrhoea and rheumatism, nervous and hysterical cases (flowers); in gout and rheumatism (oil).

Citrus limon

In fighting scurvy, inflammations, rheumatism, diarrhea, dysentery and reducing fever (juice); cleansing the eye (diluted juice). Lemons are an excellent preventative medicine and have a wide range of uses in the domestic medicine. Applied locally, the juice is a good astringent and is used as a gargle for sore throats etc. It is also a good antiperiodic and a substitute for quinine in treating malaria and other fevers.

Clematis vitalba

As a cure for the itch (roots, stem); for rheumatism and skin eruptions (plant)

Clerodendrum inerme

Healing cuts, intermittent and remittent fevers, to treat scrofula and veneral diseases. The leaves are mucilaginous, bitter and fragrant; the root, boiled in oil, is used as a liniment for treating rheumatism.

Cocculus hirsutus

Gonorrhea (leaf and root); eczema (leaf); as a refrigerant, gentle laxative, and as an alterative for treating chronic rheumatism and venereal diseases.

Coix lachryma-jobi

Menstrual problems (root); as a diuretic and tonic (seed); for abdominal tumours, oesophageal, gastrointestinal, and lung cancers, various tumours, as well as excrescences, warts, in the treatment of lung abscess, lobar pneumonia,appendicitis, rheumatoid arthritis, beriberi, diarrhoea, oedema and difficult urination (fruits); in influenza (root or young leaves).

Colchicum autumnale

In joint inflamation (due to gout) and in leukemia, to treat Bechet's syndrome, a chronic disease marked by recurring ulcers and rheumatism (plant)

Colchicum luteum

Gout, rheumatism, liver and spleen diseases (corm).

Comiphora opobalsamum

In diseases of the urinary tracts, give relief from the pain and inflammation caused by rheumatism and arthritis

Commiphora mukul

Arthritis, bronchitis, enlarged cervical glands, high cholesterol, cystitis, diabetes, endometriosis, gout, hemorrhoids, indigestion, leukorrhea, lumbago, nervous disorders, neurosis, rheumatic disorders, skin diseases, tumors, ulcers.

Commiphora myrrha

Athlete's foot, bed sores, mouth sores, pyorrhea, throat ailments, ulcers, wounds, in perfumery, mouth washes, dentrifice.in vitiated conditions of vata, pitta and kapha, stomatitis, dyspepsia, helminthiasis, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoes and other menstrual disorders, bronchitis, asthma, phthisis, spongy gum, pharyngodynia, rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, inflammations, strangury and skin diseases.

Coriandrum sativum

Intenstinal problems (such as indigestion and vomitting) (seed infusion); rheumatism, neuralgia, hemorrhoids (when bleeding). headache and eye infections. It settles spasms in the gut and counters the effects of nervous tension. Externally the seeds have been used as a lotion or have been bruised and used as a poultice to treat rheumatic pains.

Crinum latifolium

Rubefacient in rheumatism (crushed and roasted bulbs); in earache, prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia and polycystic ovary syndrome (leaf juice); for stomachache and veterinary fever (bulbs); allergic conditions (plant extract).

Crinum zeylanicum

Used in rheumatism (bulb); externally applied to injuries and ulcers (leaves); for relieving earache (leaf juice).

Croton tiglium

As a laxative, snakebite anitidote, in amenorrhea, skin maladies, rheumatism, neuralgia and chronic bronchitis (seed and oil). The oil is useful in dropsy, obstinate constipation, intestinal obstructions, and lead poisoning; as a preliminary laxative in leprosy; and as a revulsive in apoplexy.

Cycas beddomei

For rheumatoid arthritis and muscle pains (male cones)

Cymbopogon citratus

Colds, cough, as a depurative agent, indigestion, elephantiasis, fever, headache, hypertension, leprosy, malaria, mouth sores, neuritis, painful menstruation, pneumonia, rheumatism, ringworm, sprains, toothache, gingivitis, pyorrhea, for cleaning teeth. A fomentation of leaves is good for immediate relief of colds. It makes human bodies healthy, with its carminative and anticholeric properties. Chinese use the grass to treat colds, headache, intestinal problems, eczema and reduce high blood pressure.

Cymbopogon jwarancusa

Gout, rheumatism and as a blood purifier (plant).

Cymbopogon nardus

Increasing the secretion of gastric juices (leaf); As emmenagogue, helps with gastro-intestinal distress including stomach ache and colitis, intestinal parasites, rheumatism, arthritis pain, cold and flu (Essential plant oil)

Cymbopogon schoenanthus

For fevers, colds and gonorrhoea; in rheumatism and neuralgia (oil)

Cyperus rotundus

Snakebite, problems with the bowel and jaundice (root); as an emmenagogue (tuber); conjunctivitis (MeOH extract of root followed by an extract with water), powder and decoction to treat fever, diarrhoea, erysipelas, rheumatic ailments, alcoholism, loose teeth, cough, vomiting, thirst, epilepsy, wound due to accident and eye diseases. It strengthens the digestive system and hence is a good appetizer.

Datura metel

Ophthalmia (seed decoction); asthma (flower); swolen areas and in rheumatism (leaf); to treat fever, worms, cracks in feet, filaria, chronic coryza, rabies, alopecia, skin diseases, boils, pain in breast and insanity (root, fruit and leaves); in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, insanity, heart diseases, fever with catarrh, diarrhoea, skin diseases and asthma (plant).

Dichrostachys cinerea

In rheumatism, urinary calculi and renal troubles (root); applied to the eyes in cases of ophthalmia (shoot); for snake-bites and scorpion stings (plant). to treat dysentery, toothache, elephantiasis, vermifuge, snake-bite, leprosy, syphilis and gonorrhoea (bark).

Dioscorea paniculata

To treat rheumatism or liver disorders

Dioscorea pentaphylla

In anasarca and dropsy (plant); rheumatism (tuber decoction). The tuber is used as an external application to disperse swellings, and also as a tonic. Its decoction is used externally to relieve rheumatism.

Dioscorea tokoro

For desensitization, arthritis, rheumatism, prostatitis, as contraceptives and in the treatment of various disorders of the genitary organs as well as in a host of other diseases such as asthma and arthritis (root)

Dipsacus japonicus

In the treatment of rheumatoid arthralgia, traumatic injuries, backache and weak knees, seminal emissions, polyuria and also to secure abortions (root)

Dipteryx odorata

To bathe fevered patients (bark); used for snakebites, cuts, contusions, coughs, asthma, mouth sores, rheumatism and as a shampoo in hair loss (seeds); for earaches and ear infections (seed oil)

Dodonaea viscosa

For skin disease (heated leaves); to reduce fever, to treat eczema, and to heal ulcers (decoction of barks); to relieve fever, colic, gout and rheumatism, and as a treatment for venereal diseases (leaf decoction); for flatulence (wood powder)

Dolichos uniflorus

Measles, smallpox, burns, sores and tumors (plant); menstrual problems (plant decoction); kidney stones (seed). Ayurveda uses decoction of seed in leucorrhoea, menstrual troubles, bleeding during pregnancy, colic caused by wind, piles, rheumatism, heamorrhagic disease and for intestinal worms. Soup prepared from seeds is beneficial in enlarged liver and spleen. Tribal practices use the parts of the plant for dysuria, sores, tumours, burns, adenitis, fistula ani, intercostal neuralgia, pleurisy, piles, hiccups, abdominal lump, bronchial asthma,pneumonia, prolapsus ani, menstrual complaints, piles, colic, epistaxis, flatulence, ophthalmia, ulcers,urinary troubles and kidney stone.

Drosera peltata

Helps speed the clearance of toxins in arthritis and rheumatism (leaves)

Emblica officinalis

To treat fever, lack of appetite, piles, worms, anaemia, jaundice, intrinsic haemorrhage, hoarseness of voice, hiccough, cough, fainting, heart diseases, vomiting, burning sensation, abdominal pain, gastritis, dyspepsia, obesity, leprosy, rheumatism, erysipelas, chicken-pox, greying of hair, hair loss, diabetes, suppression of urine, leucorrhoea, burning sensation in female genitals, amenorrhea, eye diseases, for promoting intellect and to improve memory, as rejuvenative, and aphrodisiac (promotes spermatogenesis and in premature ejaculation) (fruit and seed). Local systems of medicine employ it for fever, indigestion, bronchitis, asthma, constipation, headache, liver complaint, diabetes, dysentery, ophthalmic disorders, nerve tonic, cholera, diarrhoea, nasal haemorrhage, cystitis, oedema and leucorrhoea.It has expectorant, antioxidant, anticancerous properties.

Enicostema axillare

Snakebite and fever (plant decoction); as a carminative, a restorative agent and in diabetes. The crushed plant mixed with water is used as a restorative. The whole plant, dried, powdered and mixed with honey, is used as a blood-purifier and to relieve dropsy, rheumatism, abdominal ulcers, hernia, swellings, itches, insect poisoning and to expel worms.

Ephedra gerardiana

Asthma problems with allergies and bronchitis (plant); rheumatism, urinary maladies and headaches; for controlling asthmatic attack (liquid extract)

Equisetum arvense

Lower back problems (related to the musculoskeleton) and rheumatism. Horsetail is found beneficial in dropsy, gravel and kidney affections. The ashes of the plant are considered very valuable in acidity of the stomach, dyspepsia, etc. Besides being useful in kidney and bladder trouble, a strong decoction acts as an emmenagogue; being cooling and astringent, it is of efficacy for haemorrhage, cystic ulceration and ulcers in the urinary passages. The decoction applied externally will stop the bleeding of wounds and quickly heal them, and will also reduce the swelling of eyelids. Horsetails have an unusual chemistry compared to most other plants.

Eucalyptus globulus

In rheumatism, asthma, spasmodic throat troubles, increases cardiac action, chronic bronchitis, skin diseases and for burns (essential oil of leaf and aerial part); in sporadic fevers (alcohol extract of bark and leaf); alleviating spasms (leaf); for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections (leaves essential oil); in the treatment of diarrhoea and bladder inflammation, externally it is applied to cuts etc (resin); in the form of a tincture in asthma and chronic bronchitis (dried leaves).

Euphorbia antiquorum

Syphilis, bronchitis, asthma, anasarca, dropsy and whitlow (plant); used as external application in cutaneous affections, rheumatism, toothache and ulcers. Its stem-decoction is beneficial in gout and nervous diseases.

Euphorbia tirucalli

In cancer (plant). The local medicinal practices employ its parts for dealing with body pain, eczema, scabies, rheumatism, earache, oedema, deranged phlegm, epistaxis, deranged bile, constipation and dyscrasia.

Fagopyrum esculentum

For hemorrhoids, circulatory system problems such as vericose ulcers, veins, in colic, choleic, diarrhoea and abdominal obstructions (plant); for bruises in the patients of rheumatoid arthritis (leaves); for restoring the flow of milk in nursing mothers (poultice from the seeds)

Fagus grandifolia

To treat frostbite, burns, poison ivy rash etc (leaves); in the treatment of lung ailments (bark); for fever, jaundice, nephrosis, rheumatism and tuberculosis.

Ficus benghalensis

For lumbago, rheumatism, external pains, sores and ulcers, soles of the feet when cracked or inflamed and toothache (latex); in diarrhea and dysentery (bark and young bud infusion); as a poultice in abscesses (heated leaves); in diabetes (bark); as a tonic (bark and seed); in vomiting, to scalp to grow hair long (paste) and for menorrhagia (root); in gonorrhoea (root-fibres); is good tonic, effective in diabetes, dysentery, gonorrhoea and in seminal weakness (infusion of bark).

Flacourtia indica

In cholera (gum); enlargement of the spleen and in jaundice and against roundworms (fruit). Used to treat biliousness, rheumatism, gout, skin diseases, urinary disorders and mental disorders (bark).

Foeniculum vulgare

Spleen, kidney and chest diseases, gastrointestinal problems, eye and eyelid inflammations and medicine for cattle (fruit); colic (of infants) and kills hookworm (oil); as an emmenagogue, edema, rheumatism and asthma (essential seed oil).

Garcinia cambogia

Problems of the bowel and in rheumatism (fruit rind decoction); able to decrease the acidity and to increase the mucosal defence in the gastric areas, thereby justifying its use as an antiulcerogenic agent, as a heart tonic and lowers the production of triglycerides and cholesterol. It also has the ability to slow production of fat and help the body metabolize it more efficiently.

Gaultheria fragrantissima

In rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica, for gout, stiffness due to old age and as a carminative (essential oil); for coughs, effective against hookworms (leaf juice); lowers blood pressure (50% EtOH aerial part extract).

Gloriosa superba

Antimalarial, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, laxative and as a tonic (tuber); leprosy and anthelmintic (root); to treat arthritis , piles, boils, for extraction of foreign body, for easy delivery, baldness, scrofula and ear diseases (root powder); effective against paralysis, rheumatism, snake bite, insect bites and leaf-juice effective against lice (root-paste). Various ethnic medical practices across India employ this plant for gout, stomachache,intermittent fevers, wounds, spleen complaints, syphilis, tumours, asthma, cholera, gonorrhoea, leprosy, piles, dropsy, labour pain and for acute spasmodic pain.

Glycosmis pentaphylla

Cough suppressant, rheumatism and jaundice (plant); for facial inflammations and in fever (root); snakebite; in fever, liver complaints and as vermifuge (leaf juice)

Glycyrrhiza glabra

In diabetes, epilepsy, as an antidote, tonic, depurifying agent, treating upper respiratory ailments (such as asthma, bronchitis, cough, hoarseness and sore throat), rheumatism, arthritis, for ulcers and inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract.

Gmelina arborea

In rheumatism and stomach problems (root decoction); gonorrhea and as an anthelmintic (leaf juice); for cough (root decoction and leaf juice); making prosthetics (wood); increasing the secretion of gastric juices and as a tonic (bark); in fever (root decoction); for headache, anasarca, asthma, bronchitis, cholera, colic pain, diarrhoea, dropsy, dyspepsia, epilepsy, fever, phthisis, rheumatism, small pox, sore, spleen complaints, syphilis, throat swelling, urticaria, fever, urinary complaints, urticaria, consumption, wounds and leucorrhoea (herb).

Grewia asiatica

In respiratory, cardiac and blood disorders, as well as in fever. For diarrhea (bark); in treating rheumatism (root bark); for strangury and gonorrhoea (roots); applied on skin eruptions and they are known to have antibiotic action (leaves).

Gynocardia odorata

In rheumatism, in leprosy, secondary syphilis, scrofula, in phthisis and as a tonic (seed oil); in leprosy, scrofula and skin diseases (seed).

Hedeoma pulegioides

In the treatment of digestive disorders, colds, whooping cough, painful menstruation and as an aid in childbirth, for sprains, rheumatism, allergy, burn, conjunctivosis, cramps, dysentery, fever, gout, headache, hepatosis, leukorrhea, pertussis, pharyngosis, pneumonia.

Helianthus annuus

Employed in the treatment of bronchial, laryngeal and pulmonary affections, coughs and colds, also in whooping cough. The crushed leaves are used as a poultice on sores, swellings, snakebites and spider bites. A tea made from the flowers is used in the treatment of malaria and lung ailments. A decoction of the roots has been used as a warm wash on rheumatic aches and pains.

Hemidesmus indicus

Syphilis, leucorrhea and as a snakebite antidote (root); as a tonic, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic, in purifying blood, stomach disorders, fever, gonorrhea, nutritional maladies, kidney stones, gravel and other urinary problems, chronic rheumatism and skin diseases, for relieving inflammation in the eye (milky latex); in asthma, bronchitis, gonorrhea and for sore mouths of children (plant).

Hiptage benghalensis

In cutaneous diseases, for scabies (leaves); in chronic rheumatism and asthma (plant); biliousness, cough, burning sensation, thirst and inflammation (leaf and bark)

Holoptelea integrifolia

In rheumatism (stem bark) and ringworm (seed and paste of stem bark); for treating oedema, diabetes, leprosy and other skin diseases, dyspepsia, intestinal disorders, piles and sprue (bark and leaves).

Humulus lupulus

As a sedative, in digestive maladies, in debility, indigestion, worms, nervous conditions and hair brittleness; to remedy swellings and hardness of the uterus (flower decoction); for boils, bruises, calculus, cancer, cramps, cough, cystitis, debility, delirium, diarrhea, dyspepsia, fever, fits, hysteria, inflammation, insomnia, jaundice, nerves, neuralgia, rheumatism, and worms ; for insomnia, stress and anxiety (dry female buds)

Hydnocarpus laurifolia

For leprosy, chronic skin affections and ophthalmia, and as dressing for wounds and ulcers (seeds); in rheumatism, sprains and bruises, sciatica and chest affections (seed oil);

Hygrophila auriculata

As an aphrodisiac and a tonic (seed); in cancer and tubercular fistula (plant); in urogenital disorders (such as spermatorrhea) and impotence, as a uterine sedative for pregnant women and for treating diseases of the blood and biliousness, to treat rheumatism, gonorrhoea, jaundice, anasarca, diarrhoea, dysentery, thirst, urinary calculi and urinary discharges, inflammations, biliousness, diseases of the eyes, pains, high blood pressure, ascites and abdominal troubles, anaemia, constipation and anuria.

Hyoscyamus niger

Rheumatism (plant); diabetes and as an analgesic specifically used for pain affecting the urinary tract, especially when due to kidney stones(leaf); dilating the pupil of the eye (plant juice); alleviating spasms (including in the urinary tract), in treating Parkinson's disease, anxiety disorders, asthma, whooping cough, motion sickness, Meniere's syndrome and for inducing sleep. Externally, it is used as an oil to relieve painful conditions such as neuralgia, dental and rheumatic pains. Hyoscyamus has anodyne, narcotic, sedative and mydriatic properties.

Hypericum perforatum

As an antidepressant, in mania, apathy, hypersomnia, and insomnia, anorexia, psychomotor retardation, depression feelings of worthlessness, anxiety disorders and aids in healing wounds and ulcers (for nervous disorders. the drug may take as long as a month before any effects are noticed). It is also used for menopausal changes triggering irritability and anxiety. In addition to neuralgic pain, it will ease fibrositis, sciatica and rheumatic pain.

Externally it is a healing and anti-inflammatory remedy. As a lotion it will speed the healing of wounds and bruises, varicose veins and mild burns. The oil is especially useful for the healing of sunburn. It has the calming properties, useful in treating bedwetting, insomnia, and other nervous conditions, as well as some form of melancholy. An oil extract of the herb can be taken for stomach ache, colic, intestinal problems, and as an expectorant for the congestion in the lungs. A tea made from the flowers is good for anemia, headache, insomnia, jaundice, chest congestion, and catarrh. A tea made from the herb has been used for uterine cramping and menstrual difficulties. The oil extract also make a good external application for burns, wounds, sores, bruises, and other skin problems.

Iberis amara

To treat gout, rheumatism and arthritis (plant); for asthma, bronchitis and dropsy (seeds)

Imperata cylindrica

As a fumigant for piles (rhizome); for diarrhoea, dysentery and gonorrhoea (decoction of rootstocks); to stop bleeding (seeds); for cancer, colds, diarrhea, dysentery gonorrhea, myalgia, night sweats, piles, rheumatism, and tumors (plant)

Ipomoea pes-caprae

Leaves are used as an external application for rheumatism, dropsy and colic. The juice of the leaves is given as a diuretic in dropsy and at the same time the bruised leaves are applied to the dropsical part. The seeds are used as a remedy for stomachache and cramp. The stem juice is applied to bites and stings of fishes. The dried juice of the root is used as a purgative. A decoction of the roots and leaves is used in rheumatism, gout gonorrhoea and dropsy. Juice is given as diuretic in dropsy.

Jatropha multifida

Ulcers and wounds (latex); as a laxative and for scabies (leaf); for indigestion and colic (decoction of dried root); for treating ascites, gout, paralysis and skin diseases (seeds); rheumatic conditions, itch and parasitic skin diseases, and in the treatment of fever, jaundice and gonorrhoea (seed oil)

Juniperus communis

In urinary tract diseases, dropsy, digestive maladies, maladies associated with the chills, rheumatism and body aches. Oil of Juniper is given as a diuretic, stomachic, and carminative in indigestion, flatulence, and diseases of the kidney and bladder. The oil mixed with lard is also used in veterinary practice as an application to exposed wounds and prevents irritation from flies. Spirit of Juniper is employed as a stimulating diuretic in cardiac and hepatic dropsy. The fruit is readily eaten by most animals, especially sheep, and to prevent and cure dropsy.

Kaempferia galanga

As a carminative, diuretic and expectorant; in treating nausea, flatulence, dyspepsia, halitosis, rheumatism, catarrh and enteritis (tuber). Powdered tubers are administered for coughs and pectoral affections.

Kydia calycina

In rheumatism, lumbago, body aches and skin diseases and lowers blood pressure (leaf). Leaves are chewed when there is a deficiency of saliva; to treat boils, diabetes and rheumatism (bark).

Lactuca sativa

For painful ulcers and burns (plant). Excellent remedy for acid indigestion and "heartburn." Insomnia, anxiety, neuroses, hyperactivity in children, dry coughs, whooping cough, rheumatic pain etc.

Laurus nobilis

In the treatment of hysteria, amenorrhoea, flatulent colic etc (fruits, leaves); to treat upper respiratory tract disorders and to ease arthritic aches and pains (leaves); to treat sprains, bruises etc (oil from fruit); used to treat anorexia, cancer, candida, colic, dandruff, earache, high Blood Pressure, hysteria, nervousness, rheumatism, uterosis.

Lavandula angustifolia

For mental problems associated with menopause, disorders associated with muscle tone of the autonomic nervous system, anxiety, digestive disorders, rheumatism and sciatica.

Lawsonia inermis

As an emmenagogue, in aching joints, bee stings, boils, burns, candida, condyloma, dermatosis, fever, headache, herpes, hoarseness, hysteria, jaundice, leucorrhea, myalgia, ophthalmia, parturition, spermatorrhea rheumatism, skin irritation, sores, stomach. The leaves and seeds are used in the form of juice, decoction and powder to treat consumption, diabetes and intrinsic haemorrhage. Paste of the leaves are applied externally in case of skin diseases, fungal infections, cracks on feet. It is employed both internally and locally in jaundice, leprosy, smallpox, and affections of the skin. The fruit has emmenagogue properties. The bark is useful in treating jaundice and enlargement of spleen, calculous affection, as alterative and in skin diseases and leprosy. The leaves are useful in menorrhagia, leucorrhoea and are also applied externally in headache. A decoction of leaves are used as an astringent. The leaf juice mixed with water and sugar is given in spermatorrhoea. The leaves are prophylactic against skin diseases. It is also used for typhoid and haemorrhagic conditions.

Leucas aspera

Colds (flower); as a toothbrush (twig); as an insecticidal (plant); for psoriasis and chronic skin eruptions (leaf juice); in chronic rheumatism (leaves); for cough and colds in children (flowers with honey). In headache, juice of the root is put into the nostril.

Ligustrum lucidum

For rheumatism (berries); for promoting perspiration (decoction of bark and leaf); nonlymphatic leukaemia, stimulate the immune system, reduce inflammation, may have beneficial effects on the liver, menopausal problems (especially premature menopause), blurred vision, cataracts, tinnitus, rheumatic pains, palpitations, backache and insomnia (fruit)

Lilium polyphyllum

In bronchitis, cough, problems with milk secretion in postpartum females, rheumatism, debility, seminal weakness, hyperdipsia, strangury, periodic fevers, hematemesis and as a tonic; used in "Ashtavarga" medicine.

Linum usitatissimum

For increasing nerve strength and as a cardiac tonic (flower); gout and rheumatism (seed oil); cancer, colds, constipation, corns, cough, intoxication, pulmonary disorders, sclerosis, spasms, tumors, gallstones, urogenital diseases and as a poultice, soothes irritated tissues, controls coughing and relieves pain.

Litsea monopetala

On fractures, painful body parts and in diarrhea (bark); for pains, bruises and contusion, for fractures in animals (powdered bark and root); as ointment for rheumatism (seeds).

Lonicera japonica

In dysentery, chronic psoriasis, to reduce blood pressure (plant); acute rheumatoid arthritis, mumps and hepatitis (stems); upper respiratory tract infections (including pneumonia) and dysentery (stem and flowers together); syphilitic skin diseases and tumors, bacterial dysentery, colds, enteritis, pain, swellings etc (flower buds)

Lycopersicum esculentum

Used as a promoter of gastric secretion, a blood purifier and as an intestinal antiseptic (juice of the fruit); used as corrective for kidneys and a gentle natural stimulant and externally for burns, scalds and sunburn (fruit); used to treat enlarge prostate and the difficulties in urination (skin of fruit); in the treatment of rheumatism and severe headaches (plant); in toothache (decoction of the root).

Madhuca longifolia

In ulcers (root bark); as a tonic (flower and bark); in diabetes, in itching, bleeding gums, ulcers, rheumatism, diabetes and as an astringent (bark); in piles (flowers); for skin diseases (seed oil); as a poultice for eczema (leaves).

Magnolia grandiflora

For malaria and rheumatism (bark); for prickly heat itching, for sores and as a steam bath for treating dropsy (decoction); reduces the blood pressure, produces a slight acceleration in respiration but has no action on the heart (plant)

Mangifera indica

In rheumatism, diphtheria and diarrhea (bark and flower); diabetes, scalds and burns (leaf); for severe bleeding, catarrh, hemoptysis, external ulcers, toothache and for preventing plaques of the teeth; in cases of diarrhea, chronic dysentery, catarrh of the bladder and chronic urethritis resulting from gonorrhea (dried mango flowers); on cracks in the feet and on scabies, and is used to treat syphilis (resinous gum from the trunk); as vermifuges and as astringents in diarrhea, hemorrhages and bleeding hemorrhoids (kernel decoction and powder); for diarrhea, fever, chest complaints, diabetes, hypertension etc (leaf decoction); scurvy and sthomachache (fruit)

Melaleuca leucadendron

In asthma (leaf); as a tonic (bark powder); for toothache, bronchitis, chronic laryngitis, colic, hysteria and as a liniment in rheumatism and gout (volatile oil).

Mentha longifolia

As an antirheumatic, astringent and carminative (leaf); in dysentery, diarrhea, bronchitis and diabetes (plant); in fever and heat apoplexy (plant decoction)

Menyanthes trifoliata

For digestive disorders due to indigestion, flatulence and constipation, in rheumatism, gout, dropsy, scurvy and skin affections; it is also used as a substitute for tea (plant)

Mercurialis annua

To treat women's complaints, ear and eye problems, warts, sores, rheumatism, dropsy, diarrhoea and disorders of the gall bladder and liver (plant)

Merremia emarginata

The plant is used as an alterative and diuretic and also in rheumatism and neuralgia. The juice is used externally for sores.

Mesua ferrea

To treat diarrhoea with blood, hiccough, leucorrhoea for conception and bleeding piles (stamens and flowers), the leaves are applied to the head in the form of a poultice for severe colds, for sores, scabies, wounds, and rheumatism (seed oil), antidote for snake poison (roots), for bleeding hemorrhoids and dysentery with mucus (dried flowers), are also prescribed for excessive thirst, excessive perspiration, cough, and for indigestion (fresh flowers).

Michelia champaca

For indigestion, boils, itching, nausea and fever (fruit and flower); as an abortifacient (bark). ; roots and are applied to abscesses; in dyspepsia, nausea and fever (infusion of flower); in vertigo and useful in cephalagia, opthalmia, gout and rheumatism (flower oil); for healing cracks in feet (seeds and fruits).

Mikania glomerata

Cough, bronchitis, throat inflammation, pleurisy, colds, flu, asthma, sore throats, laryngitis, and fever (Leaves); Neuralgia, rheumatic pain, eczema, pruritus and wounds (decoction of the leaves).

Mollugo cerviana

Reducing fever, as an antiseptic and stimulating the secretion of gastric juices (plant); gout and rheumatism (root); to relieve fevers (flowers and tender shoots). An infusion of the plant promotes lochial discharge and is considered a cure for gonorrhoea.

Momordica charantia

In jaundice and as a laxative (leaf); diabetes. rheumatism and snakebite (fruit), diabetes mellitus, eczema, fat loss, fever (malarial), gout, hydrophobia, hyperglycemia, kidney (stone), leprosy, leucorrhea, liver, piles, pneumonia, psoriasis, rheumatism, scabies and skin diseases. Hot water extract of dried root is taken orally to induce abortion.

Monarda didyma

For digestive disorders, flatulent colic and sickness, to treat urinary disorders, rheumatism etc

Moringa oleifera

Used in paralytic conditions and intermittent fever; also useful as rubefacient in rheumatism, in spasmodic affections of the bowels, hysteria and flatulence as well as in epilepsy (roots); in diseases of liver and spleen, in tetanus and paralysis (fruit); in rheumatism (seed oil); in dental caries, otalgia and headache (gum).

Mucuna pruriens

To treat roundworm, sterility, difficult urination and emaciation (seed and root);useful in increasing sperm count, ovulation in women, etc.; in leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, spermatorrhoea, Parkinson's (seed); in facial paralysis and nervous disorders (root); purifies the blood, cures rheumatism, asthma, cough, stone in the bladder and improves vitality (root decoction). Leaf paste is applied to ulcers. This herb is being investigated as a possible remedy for AIDS.

Myrica esculenta

In dysentery, in asthma, diarrhoea, fevers, coughs, catarrh, chronic bronchitis, rheumatism and diuresis (bark); used as a poultice (for external ulcers and wounds).

Myroxylon balsamum

For asthma, colds and flu, rheumatism and external wounds (leaves and fruit); for abscesses, asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, headache, rheumatism, sores, sprains, tuberculosis, venereal diseases, and wounds (sap)

Myrtus communis

In the treatment of urinary infections, digestive problems, vaginal discharge, bronchial congestion, sinusitis, dry coughs, cerebral affections, especially epilepsy (plant); for rheumatism (oil); dysentery, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids, internal ulceration and rheumatism (fruit)

Nicotiana tobacum

Alleviating spasms, as a sedative, for swolen areas (due to rheumatism) and skin diseases (leaf); toothache (seed); used externally in the treatment of rheumatic swelling, skin diseases and scorpion stings; applied to stings in order to relieve the pain (wet tobacco leaves).

Nigella sativa

In biliousness, colic, constipation, debility, fever, headache, herpes, jaundice, ophthalmia, parturition, rheumatism, sores, septicemia, sciatica, anal sclerosis, stomachache; to increase the secretion of milk, are good for digestive and menstrual disorders, insufficient lactation and bronchial complaints, soothing stomach pains and spasms and easing wind, bloating and colic, to treat abscesses, haemorrhoids and orchitis (seeds); to remove lice from the hair (powdered seed).

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

In sciatica, rheumatism and fever, as an antidote for reptile venoms (leaf); skin diseases (seed paste or powder); as an application for dandruff and other scalp conditions (powdered seeds).

Ocimum gratissimum

In neuralgia (seed); in rheumatism (leaves); in stomach ache, ringworm and as anthelmintic (leaf juice).

Oenothera biennis

Gastro-intestinal disorders, asthma, whooping cough, rheumatoid arthritis; to reduce the pains of premenstrual stress syndrome and is beneficial to the skin of the face (seed oil); to piles and bruises (poulticed root); in the treatment of obesity and bowel pains (tea from root).

Ononis spinosa

For inflammations of the urinary tract and bladder, in colic (due to stones), swolen areas and rheumatism and chronic skin disorders

Onosma bracteatum

For reducing fever and alleviating spasms. A decoction is used in the treatment of rheumatism, syphilis and leprosy. The plant is considered to be useful in relieving excessive thirst and restlessness in febrile excitement, and also to be useful in relieving functional palpitation of the heart, irritation of the bladder and stomach, and strangury.

Onosma echioides

In the treatment of rheumatism and palpitations of the heart (flowers); to skin eruptions (root)

Origanum vulgare

In diarrhea, toothache, as a tonic and stimulant (essential oil); as an emmenagogue, in infections of the upper respiratory tract and skin, coughs and periodontal disease (plant); rheumatism (essential oil and plant); in the treatment of colds, bronchitis, asthma, arthritis, muscular pain, influenza, mild feverish illnesses, indigestion, stomach upsets and painful menstruation (plant)

Paederia foetida

Hemorrhoids, in piles, inflammation of spleen, liver and chest pain (root); as a tonic (root and leaf); in rheumatism (plant); used as poultice to relieve distension of abdomen due to flatulence and also used in herpes (leaves); to children in diarrhoea (leaf juice); for vesical calculi (leaf decoction).

Panax quinquefolium

Reducing fever, as a carminative, tonic and stimulant (root); in children's ailments, nausea, nervousness, obesity, rheumatism, tuberculosis and venereal diseases; maladies of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, liver, lung and repiratory tract, mouth and skin.

Pandanus fascicularis

In syphilis, leprosy, smallpox and leucoderma (leaf); earache and diseases of the blood (anther). Its leaves are known for their aromatic, bitter and pungent properties and are used in leprosy, leucoderma, scabies, small pox and syphilis. Besides, an oil obtained from its bracts is administered in headache and rheumatism.

Pavonia odorata

In dysentery, inflammation, intestinal bleeding, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, reducing fever and as a tonic (root); rheumatism (plant).

Peganum harmala

Asthma, uterine cancer, fever, laryngitis, malaria, menstrual disorders, problems with lice, Parkinson's disease, rheumatism, as a vermifuge, tonic, aphrodisiac, alleviating spasms and as a narcotic and emmenagogue.

Pergularia daemia

Stimulating the uterus, anthelmintic, in infantile diarrhea, expectorant. in catarrh and asthma (plant); laxative (root bark); as a poultice (in carbuncle) (leaf pulp). The plant extract has a stimulatory action on uterine and other involuntary muscles and is used to treat uterine and menstural troubles and to facilitate childbirth. The fresh, pulped leaves are applied as a poultice to relieve carbuncles. The leaf juice is an expectorant in catarrhal affections and is emetic; it is used to treat infantile diarrhoea; mixed with lime or ginger, it is applied externally to relieve rheumatic swellings.

Persea macrantha

For ulcers and wounds (leaf); as an antiasthmatic, antirheumatic and laxative (bark); lowers blood pressure (root).

Pfaffia paniculata

As a general tonic for balancing, energizing, rejuvenating and muscle growth, for hormonal disorders (menopause, PMS etc),to lower serum cholesterol, for chronic fatigue and general tiredness, sexual disorders (impotency, frigidity, low libido etc), arteriosclerosis, diabetes, digestive disorders, rheumatism, bronchitis and sickle cell anemia.

Phaseolus mungo

Gastric catarrh, dysentery, diarrhoea, cystitis, paralysis, piles, rheumatism and affections of the liver and of nervous system in the form of a decoction. Externally, a poultice of the seeds is applied in gastritis, dysentery and rheumatism.

Phaseolus vulgaris

For acne, bladder problems, burns, diabetes, diarrhea, dropsy, dysentery, eczema, hiccups, itch, kidney stones, rheumatism, sciatica, tenesmus, urinary tract infections; in the treatment of cancer of the blood (seed)

Phytolacca acinosa

Rheumatism (root oil) and as a narcotic (plant); urinary disorders, nephritis, oedema, abdominal distension, to treat boils, carbuncles and sores (root)

Pimenta dioica

To treat arthrosis, athlete’s foot, bruise, candidiasis, cold, colic, corns, cramps, diabetes, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, dyspepsia, fatigue, fever, gastric disorders, gingivosis, high blood pressure, mycosis, neuralgia, rheumatism, toothache, vaginosis.

Pimenta racemosa

Used to treat adenopathy, cancer, chest cold, diarrhea, dyspepsia, edema, elephantiasis, fever, headache, nausea, pleurisy, pneumonia, rheumatism, toothache, varicosis and vertigo.

Pinellia ternata

Strengthens the spleen, very effective in controlling nausea and vomiting, for coughs with thin watery phlegm and gastritis (root); To treat cancer, depression, dermatosis, diarrhea, dyspepsia, gonorrhea, headache, hiccup, insomnia, jaundice , leukemia, leukorrhea, nausea, nephrosis, pharyngosis, psoriasis, rheumatism, snakebite.

Pinus gerardiana

As a dressing on wounds, ulcers,in the treatment of head diseases (seed oil); in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints and is used both internally and as a rub and steam bath in the treatment of rheumatic affections (resin); is useful in treating diseases of the mucous membranes and respiratory complaints such as coughs, colds, influenza and TB.

Pinus roxburghii

In lumbago, rheumatism, in chronic bronchitis, neuralgia, arthritis, skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils etc and is used in the form of liniment plasters, poultices, herbal steam baths and inhalers (oil).

Piper longum

In rheumatism, inflammation, diarrhea, as a carminative and for disorders of the respiratory tract, such as asthma (fruit); as a stimulant and diuretic (root); increasing the secretion of gastric juices and as an analgesic (root and fruit); as a tonic

Piper methysticum

For skin complaints, loss of appetite, in the treatment of rheumatism, menstrual problems, venereal disease, tuberculosis and even leprosy

Pistacia vera

For the treatment of abdominal ailments, abscesses, amenorrhoea, bruises, chest ailments, circulation, dysentery, gynecopathy, pruritus, rheumatism, sclerosis of the liver, sores and trauma (plant)

Plantago ovata

In the treatment of dysentery, catarrhal conditions of the genito-urinary tract, inflamed membranes of the intestinal canal etc.A decoction of seeds is prescribed in cough and cold, and the crushed seeds made into a poultice are applied to rheumatic and glandular swelling.

Pluchea lanceolata

For inflammations and bronchitis, psoriasis, cough and piles (Plant) ; To prevent swellings of joint in arthritis, rheumatism and neurological diseases (decoction of plant); is highly effective in sciatica, muscular sprains and joint pains (leaf extract).

Plumbago zeylanica

For dyspepsia, piles, anasarca, diarrhea, skin disease, obstinate skin diseases, ulcers, for treating laryngitis, rheumatism, diseases of the spleen, ring worm, scabies. The root of the herb is used in cases of enlarged spleen, helps improve digestion and it stimulates the appetite.

Podophyllum hexandrum

Skin diseases, cancers especially in the treatment of ovarian cancer, rheumatism and as a tonic (root and rhizome).

Pogostemon heyneanus

Carminative and diuretic (plant); for cough, asthma, for boils and to relieve headache (leaf); for dropsy, rheumatism (root)

Polygonatum biflorum

For all types of sores and skin injuries, to treat excessive menstruation, lung problems and digestive upsets (root); for piles, rheumatism and skin irritation.

Polypodium vulgare

For melancholia and also for rheumatic swelling of the joints (fresh roots); in jaundice, dropsy and scurvy, and combined with mallows removes hardness of the spleen, stitches in the side and colic. In the treatment of pleurisy, hives, sore throats and stomach aches and as a mild laxative for children (tea from roots).

Pongamia pinnata

As a tonic (seed) and in hemorrhoids (stem bark); chronic fevers, rheumatism, lumbago, herpes, scabies, leucoderma and other skin diseases, flatulence, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, cough, leprosy and gonorrhoea (plant); on the head to heal ulcers and cure dandruff (leaf paste); used for cleaning sores, as well as for cleaning teeth and strengthening gums (root juice).

Premna integrifolia

The decoction of the root is said to be a cordial, stomachic and useful in liver disorders. It forms an ingredient of Dasamoola. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of colic and flatulence while that of the tender plants is used for rheumatism and neuralgia. The leaves are rubbed along with pepper and administered in cold and fever, also in gonorrhoea and during convalescence from fevers.

Primula vulgaris

In treating conditions involving spasms, cramps, paralysis, gout and rheumatic pains.

Prinsepia utilis

In rheumatism, to the forehead and temples in the treatment of coughs and colds, pains resulting from over-fatigue (oil). A paste of this seedcake is used as a poultice to treat ringworm or eczema.

Prosopis cineraria

In rheumatism and scorpion sting (bark); by women during pregnancy to prevent miscarriage (flowers mixed with sugar); for the treatment of snakebite (plant).

Prunella vulgaris

Hemorrhoids (leaf); as a tonic, antirheumatic, in diarrhea, fever, asthma and cough (plant); sore mouth (plant infusion).

Prunus spinosa

As a laxative (especially for juveniles and the elderly) and in rheumatism (flowering plant); in the treatment of diarrhoea (especially for children), bladder and kidney disorders, stomach weakness (infusion of flower)

Pueraria tuberosa

The root is used as a demulcent and in the treatment of fevers. It is peeled and bruised into a cataplasm for swelling of joints. It is crushed and rubbed externally in the treatment of fevers, headaches and rheumatism.

Putranjiva roxburghii

For cold and fever, in rheumatism (leaves and stones)

Randia spinosa

In diarrhoea and dysentery, in rheumatism and to relieve pain of bruises and bone-ache during fevers (bark)

Rauvolfia caffra

For enterosis, fever, itch, malaria, measles, nervousness, scrofula, swelling, water retention and on wound; pneumonia, rheumatism, colic, coughs and toothaches (bark); insomnia and intestinal worms (root).

Rauvolfia serpentina

Removing corneal opacity (leaf); central nervous system disorders including various mental problems, anthelmintic, intestinal problems (including dysentery) and lowering blood pressure (root), bile vomiting, blood dysentery, chickenpox, cough, dog-bite, fever, gastric problems, headache, insanity, insomnia, prolapse of rectum, rheumatism / rheumatoid arthritis and spermatorrhoea.

Rhododendron arboreum

On forehead in headache, to treat gout and rheumatism (leaves); menstrual disorders, in diarrhoea and dysentery (flowers); coughs, diarrhoea and dysentery (bark juice). Flowers are crushed and snuffed to stop nasal bleeding.

Rhododendron campanulatum

In rheumatism, sciatica and syphilis (leaf); used as a snuff in the treatment of colds and headache (leaves); used in the treatment of phthisis and chronic fevers (dried twigs and wood).

Ricinus communis

As one of the best laxatives (seed oil); poultice for boils, rheumatism and sores (seed paste); skin diseases, such as ringworm, and itching, as an emmenagogue (leaf decoction);in temporary constipation and wherever a mild action is essential, and is extremely useful for children and the aged, for various cutaneous complaints, such as ringworm, itch, dropped into the eye to remove the after-irritation caused by the removal of foreign bodies (oil); used by nursing mothers as an external application, to increase the flow of milk, as a poultice to relieve headaches and treat boils and diabetes (leaves).

Rosmarinus officinalis

Healing wounds in rheumatism and stimulating the apetite; stimulating the cardiovascular system (5% tincture); as a gargle for sore-throat, in headache and in tardy menstruation (oil)

Rubia cordifolia

To treat skin diseases, piles, diabetes, fracture, freckles, in rheumatism, leprosy, menorrhagia, abnormal uterine bleeding, internal and external haemorrhage, bronchitis, rheumatism, stones in the kidney, urinary bladder and gall bladder, dysentery etc. (root); antidote for scorpion stings and bites by cobras, in the treatment of blood disorders and spreading fever of kidneys and intestines (stem); spleen enlargement and liver problems (plant).

Ruta graveolens

For colic, as an analgesic, in hysteria, giddiness, nervous headaches, palpitations and rheumatism (leaf); alleviating gall bladder stones, gallbladder pain and spasms, in amenorrhea and menopause (for hot flashes) (plant); as an emmenagogue, anthelmintic and in epilepsy (volatile oil); coughs, flatulence (flower infusion); alleviating pain.

Salix alba

Pain relief, arthritis, calluses, convalescence, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, fever, headache, malaria, pain, respiratory ailments, rheumatism, skin ailments, throat ailments, warts

Salix tetrasperma

Rheumatism, epilepsy, swellings, piles, venereal diseases, and stones in bladder (leaves)

Salvadora persica

Against gonorrhoea and vesical catarrh (root bark); to relieve the pain due to spleen troubles (root); for gastric troubles especially in gastric ulcers (stem bark); in asthma and cough, in rheumatism, a poultice made out of them is applied to painful tumours and piles (leaves); in biliousness and rheumatism (fruits).

Sarcococca saligna

Fever and rheumatism (leaves)

Saussurea costus

In skin diseases, rheumatism and as a fumigant (root oil); cholera, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, asthma, bronchitis, in the treatment of abdominal distension and pain, chest pains due to liver problems and jaundice, gall bladder pain, constipation associated with energy stagnation (root).

Scindapsus officinalis

Rheumatism (fruit paste); in diarrhoea, to expel worms and as carminative (fruit); in diabetes (stem and fruit); Powdered leaves are snuffed to control nasal bleeding.

Semecarpus anacardium

To treat skin diseases, vitiligo, piles, guineaworm, splenomegaly, scrofula, rheumatism, as depilatory, for regaining normal colour, as rejuvinative, as aphrodisiac, alopecia, worms, poisoning, malarial fever.

Sesamum indicum

Used in piles and a decoction of them is used as emmenagogue, on ulcers, in dysentery, infantile cholera and diarrhoea, in urinary complaints in combination with other medicines, acute cystitis, strangury, early rheumatism, used internally in catarrhal affections of kidney and urinary bladder and externally, are applied on ophthalmic and skin problems (fresh leaves); helps to prevent gall and kidney stones (seeds).

Sesbania grandiflora

For bruises, catarrh, dysentery, sore eyes, fevers, headaches, smallpox, sores, sorethroat, and stomatitis (plant); used in treating smallpox and other eruptive fevers (bark); to treat headache, head congestion, or stuffy nose (flower juice); poulticed onto bruises, for epilepsy, gout, itch, leprosy, nyctalopia, and ophthalmia (leaves); on rheumatic swellings, for inflammation (root powder);for anemia, bronchitis, fever, pain, thirst, and tumors (fruits); for biliousness, bronchitis, gout, nyctalopia, ozoena, and quartan fever (flowers).

Sida acuta

To treat nervous and urinary diseases and disorders of the blood and bile (root). Intensely bitter, it is used as an infusion and in conjunction with ginger to treat intermittent fever; it is also used as a stomachic, to treat chronic bowel complaints, and as an aphrodisiac; as panacea for rheumatism (whole plant).The leaves, warmed and moistened with sesame seed oil, are used to hasten suppuration and painful boils; in haemorrhoids, fevers, impotency, gonorrhea and rheumatism (roots and leaves).

Sida cordifolia

Spermatorrhea, polyuria and leucorrhea (plant); aphrodisiac (seed); reducing fever (root); sciatica, in paralysis and other nervous disorders (root bark); used to detoxify the body (in fever and rheumatism), in asthma, bronchitis, obesity, aching joints and bones, edema, cough, cold and wheezing (plant extract).

Sida rhombifolia

It is used for gonorrhoea and ophthalmic disorders in Ayurveda. Unani employs it for piles, gonorrhoea, anti-soud, and as diuretic and aphrodisiac. Root of these herbs are held in great repute in treatment of rheumatism. Stems abound in mucilage and are employed as demulcents and emollients both for external and internal use. The herb is also useful in calculous troubles and as a febrifuge with pepper. Mucilage is used for scorpion sting.

Siegesbeckia orientalis

In skin maladies (such as ringworm and sores), urethral diseases (urethritis), as an antiseptic and cardiotonic; to cure ringworm and other parasitic infections, in rheumatism and renal colic (plant); used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, pains and aches in the legs and sides, hypertension, sciatica, weeping dermatitis, scurvy, scrofula, syphilis and mastitis (decoction of the plant).

Smilax china

Old syphilitic cases and is also used for certain skin diseases, including psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, enteritis, urinary tract infections, skin ulcers etc.

Smilax zeylanica

Rheumatism, spermatorrhoea, dysentery and in venereal diseases (root). A decoction of the bulbous roots is used to promote healing of sores, swellings and abscesses. In Ayurvedic practice, the roots are used to treat diseases of the nervous system and urinary disorders.

Solanum dulcamara

In the treatment of skin diseases, warts, tumours, felons, arthritis, rheumatism, bronchial congestion, heart ailments, ulcerative colitis, jaundice, skin eruptions, ulcers and cellulite, syphilitic diseases, cachectic affections, scrofula, indurations from milk, leucorrhoea, jaundice, and obstructed menstruation (herb); to cancerous sores and other swellings (fruit); for cancer and swellings (root)

Solanum stramonifolium

Asthma and rheumatism (root); sore throat (fruit).

Solanum surattense

Asthma and cough (root and plant); rheumatism (leaf); sore throat (fruit); as a carminative and in dropsy (plant), for relief in burning sensation in the feet accompanied by vesicular watery eruptions.

Solanum trilobatum

Bronchitis (plant); cough (flower and fruit); indigestion, spermatorrhoea and fatigue (leaves); in rheumatism and constipation (Dried and powdered fruit); If used as ear drops the leaf juices cures otorrhoea.

Solanum xanthocarpum

Cough, asthma, bronchitits, dropsy, leprosy, constipation, flatulence, sore throat, tonsilitis, gum diseases, snake bites, heart disease, chest pain, certain types of fever, muscular pains, gonorrhoea, dysuria, enlargement of the liver and spleen and stomach. Leaves are applied locally to relieve pain. The juice of berries is used in sore throat. Like roots, seeds are also administered as an expectorant in asthma and cough. The plant is credited with diuretic properties and is used to cure dropsy. Its juice is mixed with whey and ginger and given in fevers. The juice of the leaves, mixed with black pepper, is prescribed in rheumatism.

Solidago virgaurea

In kidney stones and dysentery, asthma, whooping cough, internal lesions, dropsy, and chronic eczema, and in rheumatism, acute and chronic nephritis and oedema of a renal nature with history of dystrophy, in the treatment of urinary infections, chronic catarrh, skin diseases and influenza (plant); in diarrhoea and dysentery (root)

Soymida febrifuga

For gargles, vaginal infections, and enemata; it is also sometimes given for the treatment of rheumatic swellings (bark decoction); applied as a poultice for muscular and joint pain (bark powder); in sporadic fever, dysentery and debility (bark).

Spilanthes acmella

For malaria, toothache (flower); promotes salivation (seed); to treat dysentery (plant); used as a bath for relieving rheumatism and as a lotion for scabies and psoriasis (decoction).

Spilanthes oleracea

Helps to overcome nausea and vomiting by its stimulating effect on the salivary glands, dysentery, ease the pain of toothache, in non-mercurial ptyalism, and in inflammations of the mouth and throat, gouty and rheumatic affections, in uric acid gravel, in dropsical effusions, and even to remove intestinal worms.

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

As an antiinflammatory and reducing fever, for treating intestinal worms, venereal diseases, erysipelas, dropsy, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism and stomach ailments (indigestion, acid reflux, ulcers, constipation, dyspepsia, slow digestion) (plant); for cataract and open sores (plant juice); for colds and cough, in cardiac troubles and are also rubbed on sprains and bruises or used as cataplasm for boils (leaves); applied topically to treat dysentery (Paste of stem and root bark)

Stellaria media

As a plaster in swolen areas and broken bones, to relieve constipation, useful in rheumatism, inflammations of the digestive, renal, respiratory and reproductive tracts, asthma, congestion, and bronchitis, obesity, high cholesterol, in severe inflammations of skin, such as erysipelas, scalds and burns, crural ulcers, haemorrhoids, eczema, to soothe severe itchiness and inflammations of eyes (plant); as a poultice or ointment for skin irritation and inflammation as well as for skin ulcers. Boils, carbuncles, and abscesses

Strophanthus sarmentosus

Used to treat anxiety, atherosclerosis, arthrosis, constipation, diarrhea, fracture, high Blood Pressure, leprosy, rheumatism, scabies, poisonous bites and sores.

Strychnos minor

In mania (fruit); rheumatism, diarrhea & colic and as a laxative (root); in suppurating tumors (leaf).

Styrax benzoin

Used in the treatment of asthma, bronchosis, cancer, catarrh, colic, constipation, corn, cough, cramp, dermatosis, enterosis, gout, immunodepression, laryngosis, nervousness, rheumatism, stomachache, stroke and ulcer.

Tabernaemontana divaricata

As a vermicide and in diarrhea (root powder); eye pressure and corneal inflammation (latex); to treat hypertension, headache, and scabies (roots); as an aphrodisiac, and has a reputation of making women more fertile (bark); ophthalmia (juice from the flowers); to alleviate stomach and rheumatic pains, as well as diarrhoea (decoctions of the bark).

Tagetes erecta

Diseases of the eye and hemorrhoids (flower); rheumatism, bronchitis and colds (plant); as a laxative (root). It is used internally in the treatment of indigestion, colic, severe constipation, coughs and dysentery. Externally, it is used to treat sores, ulcers, eczema, sore eyes and rheumatism. A decoction of the flowers is used to treat colds, conjunctivitis, mumps, sore eyes etc.

Tamarindus indica

As an astringent in bowel complaints, to weaken the action of resinous cathartics (pulp); in correcting bilious disorders, for rheumatism (plant); used in subacid infusions, and a decoction is said to destroy worms in children, and is also useful for jaundice, and externally as a wash for sore eyes and ulcers (leaves)In some forms of sore throat the fruit has been found of service; for asthma (bark).

Tamus communis

To unbroken chilblains (root tincture); in gout, rheumatism and paralysis (pulp); to treat asthma, dermatosis, rhinitis, sore and strain.

Tanacetum vulgare

Rheumatism, ulcers (chronic), for gout, as an abortifacient and vermifuge (essential flower and leaf oil); maladies of the liver, gall bladder and the bile duct, in treating strangury, kidney weaknesses, in dyspepsia, with troublesome flatulence, hysteria, jaundice, fevers (plant); to treat amenorrhoea and painful dysmenorrhoea and as an anthelmintic, especially for children (leaf infusion and whole plant);in diphtheria, acute inflammations of the throat, and in epidemic catarrh (spray or inhalation of plant decoction).

Taxus baccata

The leaves have been used internally in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, hiccup, indigestion, rheumatism and epilepsy. Externally, the leaves have been used in a steam bath as a treatment for rheumatism. A homeopathic remedy is made from the young shoots and the berries. It is used in the treatment of cystitis, eruptions, headaches, heart and kidney problems, rheumatism etc.

Tephrosia purpurea

Spleen enlargement, liver problems, as an antirheumatic, diuretic and anthelmintic (root); in tympanitis and as a blood purifier (plant); in skin diseases and rat poisoning (seeds). Used to treat bronchitis, bilious febrile attacks, treatment of boils, pimples, bleeding piles, jaundice and kidney disorders.

Teramnus labialis

In tuberculosis, bronchitis, in rheumatism, nervous affections, haemoptysis and catarrh (plant); astringent, stomachic, febrifugal and aphrodisiac (fruit); as a tonic and antipyretic (fruit and plant).

Thalictrum foliolosum

In ophthalmia, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, skin discoloration, reducing fever, in piles, leucoderma, eczema, boils, toothache, atonic indigestion, as a tonic and laxative (root); pains in the abdomen (root decoction); rheumatism and gout (plant)

Thymus vulgaris

The plant is used internally in the treatment of dry coughs, whooping cough, bronchitis, bronchial catarrh, cold, asthma, laryngitis, indigestion, gastritis and diarrhoea and enuresis in children. Externally, it is used in the treatment of tonsillitis, gum diseases, rheumatism, arthritis and fungal infections (Athlete's foot).The whole herb is used in the treatment of digestive disorders, sore throats, fevers etc.

Toona sureni

Used as a tonic to lower fever and to assuage rheumatic pains (bark); applied to swellings (leaf tips).

Trachyspermum ammi

For sore throat, bronchitis, diarrhea, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, alleviating spasms and as a tonic (fruit); as a carminative (root and fruit); in flatulence, atonic dyspepsia and diarrhoea and cholera (plant); colds, coughs, influenza, asthma, diarrhoea, cholera, colic, indigestion, wind, oedema, arthritis and rheumatism.

Trachyspermum roxburghianum

In flatulence, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, pharyngitis, rheumatoid arthritis, bronchitis, cough, asthma and strangury (fruit).

Trianthema portulacastrum

In rheumatism, as a vermifuge, analgesic and increasing the secretion of gastric juices (plant); to the eye cures corneal ulcers, itching, dimness of sight, night blindness (root).

Trichosanthes palmata

In diarrhoea, fever, pneumonia, rheumatism and vomiting (roots); used in dysentery (seeds); applied externally on burns (leaf paste).

Trifolium pratense

For asthma, whooping cough and bronchitis (flower); in treating athlete's foot, bronchitis, burns, cancer, constipation, diuretic, expectorant, gall-bladder stones, gout, liver diseases, pertussis, rheumatism, skin sores, ulcers, for sore eyes and as a salve for burns (plant); for cancerous ulcers, corns etc. (flower extract)

Trifolium repens

In gout (flower); coughs, colds, fevers and leucorrhoea (infusion); in rheumatism and scrofula (plant).

Trigonella foenum-graecum

As a tonic, emollient (in rheumatism, abscesses, boils and ulcers), inflammations in the intestinal tract, bronchitis, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, hemorrhoids, diabetes, diarrhea and in veterinary medicine (as an ointment, emollient).

Tussilago farfara

For inflammations of the upper respiratory tract (such as in emphysema and silicosis) and ailments associated with chills (both of the aforementioned conditions are usually associated with a cough) (leaf and flower); in colds, coughs, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, rheumatism, nervous disorders and asthma (leaves)

Tylophora indica

In rheumatism, asthma, whooping cough, bronchitis and dysentery (root); in hydrophobia (leaf and root). Used for treating whooping cough, for reducing lochia, malarial fever, jaundice. They are used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery.

Uncaria tomentosa

For intestinal ailments (Crohn's disease, gastric ulcers and tumors, parasites, colitis, gastritis, diverticulitis and leaky bowel syndrome); arthritis, rheumatism, diabetes, PMS, chronic fatigue syndrome, diarrhea, gonorrhea, acne, diseases of the urinary tract and cancers.

Uraria lagopodioides

Intermittent fever and inflammation of the chest; in rheumatism, fever, catarrh and and bleeding piles (roots); in diarrhoea (leaves); an antidote to snake (Echis carinata) bite (plant).

Urginea indica

In rheumatism, asthma, preparing “chandni bhasma” (which is used in paralysis), as a deobustruent, prescribed for dropsy, rheumatism, skin diseases, bronchitis, asthma, renal calculi, leprosy, scabies, headaches and diseases of the nose (bulb).

Urtica dioica

Jaundice, kidney problems, bleeding of the uterus and nose, excessive menstruation, haemorrhoids, arthritis, rheumatism and eczema, as a diuretic (for relieving rheumatism and edema), astringent and as a substitute for thiazide treatment (without side effects) (plant); Externally, the plant is used to treat skin complaints, arthritic pain, gout, sciatica, neuralgia, haemorrhoids, dandruff etc.; as a tonic (flower and seed); for heart problems. Nettles have a long history of Use(s) in the home as a herbal remedy and nutritious addition to the diet. A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used as a cleansing tonic and blood purifier so the plant is often used in the treatment of hay fever, arthritis, anaemia etc.

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

In urinary tract infections; in the treatment of gonorrhoea, arthritis, rheumatism, diabetes and diarrhoea (leaves); for diarrhoea and as a treatment for sore throats, coughs and colds (mature fruits); as a gargle in treatment for sore throats (juice of the plant).

Valeriana hardwickii

Rheumatism and low blood pressure, painful menstruation, cramps, hypertension, irritable bowel syndrome, eczema, ulcers and minor injuries

Vanda tessellata

As a tonic (for brain and liver), laxative, reducing fever, bronchitis, indigestion and as a liniment (in rheumatism and nervous disorders) (root); liniment (for fever) (leaf paste); inflammation within the auditory canal (plant juice); in sciatica.

Vateria indica

Used for the treatment of several diseases, such as throat troubles, chronic bronchitis, piles, diarrhoea, rheumatism, tubercular glands, boils, etc. It forms a good emollient for plasters and ointment bases. Bark is orally administered to prevent vomiting.

Veratrum viride

Cures puerperal fever, phthisis pulmonalis, acute rheumatism, gastric irritation, colic, tetanus, acute gonorrhea, active cerebral engorgement, exophthalmic goiter with tachycardia, aneurism, acute cases of pneumonia, peritonitis, threatened apoplexy, chronic coughs, constipation, for bruises, sprains, fractures, to treat aches and pains

Verbena officinalis

In liver and gallbladder complaints, chronic eczema and bronchitis,insomnia, menstrual pain, in the treatment of headaches, fevers, nervous exhaustion, depression, insufficient lactation (plant); in rheumatism, healing of wounds, for the swellings of womb (leaves)

Vernonia cinerea

Useful for the purifying the blood, bile and semen, used as a specific for leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, and in the treatment of chronic skin diseases, dysuria, strangury, bladder stones, piles, worms and haematological disorders (plant); for the treatment of amoebiosis, humid herpes, eczema and ringworm and for the extraction of guinea worms, elephantiasis (leaf juice); to treat fevers, rheumatism and conjunctivitis (flowers); effective against roundworms and threadworms, leucoderma, psoriasis and other chronic skin diseases (seeds).

Vetiveria zizanioides

In stomach ulcers, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, as an astringent and in quenching thirst (root); in colic, vomiting and as a linimint (for lumbago, rheumatism and sprains) (root oil)to treat fainting, indigestion, thirst, diarrhoea, diseases of heart, cough, hiccough, respiratory diseases, difficult micturition, fever with burning sensation morbid thirst, and skin diseases.

Viola tricolor

In disorders of blood, rheumatism, eczema and other skin complaints (herb); asthma, epilepsy, cystitis and diseases of infants.

Vitex negundo

As a demulcent (in the sinuses) and on sores (related to scrofula) (oil); in gonorrhea, rheumatism, sprains, fever (related to catarrh) and headache (leaf); aids in the removal of worms and foetid discharges from ulcers (leaf juice), controls acne in teenagers, regulates ovulatory cycle, menopause, menorrhagia (heavy menstruation), menstrual difficulties (secondary amenorrhea), premenstrual syndrome, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and endometriosis and fibrocystic breast disease among women, relieves pains due to rheumatism, gout, sciatica and the body ache resulted from heavy physical exertion, skin troubles, migraine; with the right proportion it is use for dental care for healthy, disease free teeth, as mouth wash and treatment for toothache. Pillows stuffed with leaves are slept on to remove catarrh and headache. Dried fruit is used to destroy human worm while seeds boiled in water and eaten, or the water is taken internally, to prevent spread of toxins from poisonous bites of animals, also cooling for skin disorders.

Withania somnifera

Rheumatism (root and plant); to coagulate milk (seed); as a uterine sedative, in dropsy, ulcers, scabies, asthma, cough and as a tonic (root); cancer and AIDS; “rasayana agent” in “Ayurveda” medicine (enhances sexual performance),to treat nervous exhaustion, debility, insomnia, wasting diseases, failure to thrive in children, impotence, infertility, multiple sclerosis, applied as a poultice to boils, swellings and other painful parts.

Xanthium strumarium

In leucoderma, epilepsy, in chronic malaria, leucorrhoea and urinary diseases (plant); in smallpox, in cancer and scrofula (root); on ulcers, boils and abscesses (root extract); in the treatment of rheumatism, diseased kidneys and tuberculosis (plant infusion); allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, catarrh, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, constipation, diarrhoea, lumbago, leprosy and pruritis (fruits)

Xylia xylocarpa

For vomiting, swellings, gonorrhoea, diarrhoea and ulcers (bark powder); in rheumatism, leprosy, piles, and ulcers (seed oil)

Zanthoxylum acanthopodium

Chronic rheumatism, typhoid and skin diseases and impurity of the blood, fever, children's ailments, common cold, cough, gastro-intestinal disturbances, heart ailments, kidney ailments, orthopedic ailments, pulmonary ailments and respiratory ailments. To relieve toothache (fruit juice)

Zanthoxylum limonella

Rheumatism, asthma, bronchitis, heart disorders and diarrhea (fruit); in cholera (seed tincture)

Zingiber officinalis

A household remedy for flatulence and colic, for diarrhoea from relaxed bowel where there is no inflammation, for atherosclerosis, heart disease, chemotherapy support, migraine headaches, morning sickness, motion sickness, nausea and vomiting following surgery, rheumatoid arthritis, belching, laryngitis, vomiting, constipation, incontinence, flatulence, colic, spasms, fever, eye diseases, asthma, colds, cough, arthritis, bursitis, fibrocystic breasts, lymphedema, in nervous diseases, and for incontinence of urine.




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